Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Pattern of Traditional Medicine Utilization among HIV/AIDS Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy at a University Hospital in Northwestern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 5

Previous studies on the use of reported medicinal plants.

Plant namePlant part/type of preparationMedicinal useReferences

Black cumin (Nigella sativa)Volatile oil of the seedImmunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, antimicrobial, antineoplastic, and antioxidant activity[2224]
Garlic (Allium sativum)Isolated compounds (Ajoenes), crude extract of the bulbActivities against immunodeficiency virus, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, and antioxidants activities[2528]
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)Methanolic extracts of the leaves and rhizomesImmunomodulatory, antitumorigenic, anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, antihyperglycemic, antilipidemic antiemetic, antioxidants, and antimicrobials activities[29, 30]
Moringa (Moringa oleifera)Volatile oil from leaves; extracts from leaves and rootsAnti-HSV (herpes simplex virus type 1), antioxidant, antimicrobial, antihypertensive, diuretic, cholesterol lowering, antitumor, and anticancer activities[3133]

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