Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Fig 5

Research Article

Investigations of a Possible Chemical Effect of Salvadora persica Chewing Sticks

Figure 5

Inhibition of growth of A. actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), H. influenzae (Hi), and P. gingivalis (Pg). The individual bars represent the number of colony forming units (CFU) at various concentrations of Miswak oil or chlorhexidine (Chlx) compared to the negative control (DMSO). In the above figure stands for –0.001 and stands for when number of CFU were compared between negative control and different concentrations of Miswak essential oil or Chlx. Different letters on the bars represent significant difference () between the CFU of the three bacteria tested at a given concentration of Miswak essential oil or Chlx independently, b indicate a significant difference compared to a, and c indicate a difference compared to both a and b.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.