Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Effects of Aromatherapy on Intensive Care Unit Patients’ Stress and Sleep Quality: A Nonrandomised Controlled Trial

Table 2

The effects of aromatherapy on stress and sleep quality.

Exp.
()
Cont.
()
or
M ± SDM ± SD

Perceived stressPretest 1
()
8.10 ± 1.61 6.27 ± 1.70<.001Time 2.99
()
Group 148.43
()

60.11 ()
Pretest 2
()
8.23 ± 2.037.27 ± 1.700.129.721
Posttest 1
()
5.33 ± 1.247.80 ± 1.24120.481<.001
Posttest 2
()
5.47 ± 0.978.23 ± 1.04167.557<.001
Posttest 3 ()3.73 ± 0.878.50 ± 0.90390.022<.001

Stress indexPretest 1
()
7.73 ± 1.796.17 ± 3.11.020Time 0.52
()
Group 52.91
()

25.65 ()
Pretest 2
()
8.37 ± 1.797.80 ± 2.660.382.539
Posttest 1
()
3.90 ± 2.237.60 ± 2.7044.866<.001
Posttest 2
()
4.37 ± 1.978.00 ± 1.8974.309<.001

Quality of sleepPretest 1
()
65.13 ± 5.6961.03 ± 7.83.524Time 294.60
()
Group 221.12
()

109.46 ()
Posttest 1
()
52.90 ± 5.5733.56 ± 7.15<.001
Posttest 2
()
57.73 ± 5.6125.80 ± 6.95<.001

Exp. = experimental group; Cont. = control group; M ± SD: mean ± standard deviation; : admission day; : admission day before sleep; : experimental 1st day, 8 a.m.; : experimental 1st day, 8 p.m.; : experimental 2nd day, 8 a.m.