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Figure 2: Th1 and Th2 cytokine concentrations in the plasma of T1D and control rats. Cytokine concentrations were determined in animals after the 28 consecutive days (four weeks) of treatment with Momordica charantia fruit juice, as described in Materials and Methods. (a) IL-2, (b) IFN-γ, (c) IL-4, and (d) IL-10 plasma concentrations. Values are means ± SEM; rats per group of animals. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by the Least Significant Difference test. () indicates significant difference between groups.