Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Extraoral Taste Receptor Discovery: New Light on Ayurvedic Pharmacology

Table 2

Ethnopharmacological description of the six tastes (rasa) in Ayurveda [109, 110].

Rasa
(taste)
Virya
(energetic nature)
Guna
(qualities)
Vipaka
(postdigestive effect)
Karman (therapeutic activities)

SweetColdHeavy, wetSweetNourishing of plasma, blood, muscle, adipose tissue, bone, marrow, and semen, longevity enhancer, strengthening, antitoxic, antidipsogenic, sensorial soothing

SaltyHotHeavy, wetSweetCarminative, digestive, laxative, deobstruent, lubrifying, sialogogue

SourHotLight, wetSourDigestive stimulant, nourishing the heart and the entire body, sialogogue, stimulates appetite, emollient, strengthening the sense organs

PungentHotLight, dryPungentDigestive stimulant, anti-itching, anti-infectious, reduces the muscle mass, breaks obstructions (e.g., anticoagulant), purifying, clarifies the passages, helps sensorial activity, intestinal peristalsis, elimination of waste products (e.g., feces), antiswelling, channel dilatory

BitterColdLight, dryPungentAntianorexia, digestive stimulant, antitoxic, anti-infectious, febrifuge, antiemetic, milk purification, reducer of adipose tissue, muscle fat, bone marrow, lymph, pus, sweat, urine, stool

AstringentColdHeavy, dryPungentSedative, styptic, constipative (antidiarrheic), antihemorrhagic, absorptive, blood purifier, skin purifier, wound/ulcer healing, anti-adiposity

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