Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 6832789, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6832789
Research Article

Antigiardial Effect of Kramecyne in Experimental Giardiasis

1Parasitology Research Laboratory, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Dr. Márquez 162, Col. Doctores, Delegación Cuauhtémoc, 06720 Ciudad de México, Mexico
2Biological Systems Department, UAM Xochimilco, Calzada del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, Delegación Coyoacán, 04960 Ciudad de México, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Enedina Jiménez-Cardoso; xm.moc.oohay@eczenemij

Received 8 August 2017; Revised 11 October 2017; Accepted 16 November 2017; Published 13 December 2017

Academic Editor: Jae Youl Cho

Copyright © 2017 Leticia Eligio-García et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Sistema Único de información para la Vigilancia Epidemiológica/Dirección General Adjunta de Epidemiología, SSA. Anuario de Morbilidad, 2015.
  2. F. M. Rosado-García, M. Guerrero-Flórez, G. Karanis, M. D. Hinojosa, and P. Karanis, “Water-borne protozoa parasites: The Latin American perspective,” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, vol. 220, no. 5, pp. 783–798, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. R. H. Gilman, K. H. Brown, G. S. Visvesvara, G. Mondal, B. Greenberg, R. B. Sack et al., “Epidemiology and serology of Giardia intestinalis in a developing country: Bangladesh,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 79, pp. 469–473, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. Gilman, E. Miranda, G. Marquis, M. Vestegui, and H. Martinez, “Rapid reinfection by giardia lamblia after treatment in a hyperendemic third world community,” The Lancet, vol. 331, no. 8581, pp. 343–345, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. S. Sullivan, H. L. Dupont, R. R. Arafat et al., “Illness and reservoirs associated with Giardia lamblia infection in rural Egypt: The case against treatment in developing world environments of high endemicity,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 127, no. 6, pp. 1272–1281, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Jokipii and A. M. M. Jokipii, “Comparison of four dosage schedules in the treatment of giardiasis with metronidazole,” Infection, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 92–94, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Bowers, “Nitazoxanide for cryptosporidial diarrhea,” BETA bulletin of experimental treatments for AIDS: a publication of the San Francisco AIDS foundation, pp. 30-31, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. V. Murphy and J. D. Nelson, “Five v Ten Days’ Therapy With Furazolidone for Giardiasis,” American Journal of Diseases of Children, vol. 137, no. 3, pp. 267–270, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. A. Thompson, “Giardiasis: Conceptos modernos sobre su control y tratamiento,” Annales Nestlé (Ed. española), vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 23–29, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. S. J. Lerman and R. A. Walker, “Treatment of Giardiasis: Literature Review and Recommendations,” Clinical Pediatrics, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 409–414, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. A. Petri Jr., “Treatment of giardiasis,” Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 13–17, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Pérez-Gutiérrez, E. Sánchez-Mendoza, D. Martínez-González, M. A. Zavala-Sánchez, and C. Pérez-González, “Kramecyne - A new anti-inflammatory compound isolated from Krameria cytisoides,” Molecules, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 2049–2057, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. K. Agarwal, M. Singh, N. Gupta et al., “Management of giardiasis by an immuno-modulatory herbal drug Pippali rasayana,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 143–146, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Miyares, I. Hollands, C. Castañeda et al., “Ensayo terapéutico con un preparado a base de propóleos propolisina en la giardiasis del humano,” Acta. Gastroenterol. Latinoam, vol. 18, pp. 195–201, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  15. A. Sánchez-González, D. Granados-Sánchez, and R. Simón-Nabor, “Uso medicinal de las plantas por los otomíes del municipio de Nicolás Flores Hidalgo México,” Rev. Chapingo. Ser. Hortic, vol. 14, pp. 271–279, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  16. D. B. Keister, “Axenic culture of Giardia lamblia in TYI-S-33 medium supplemented with bile,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 487-488, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. A. Santos, V. Valin, and A. S. Ferrão-Filho, “Determination of the lethal doses LD50 and LD90 of Euphorbia splendens var. hislopii latex on Physa cubensis Pfeiffer,” Ambi-Agua, Taubaté, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. C. Carl, “Experimental infection with giardia lamblia in rats,” The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 145, no. 4, pp. 495–498, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. F. Sauch, “Purification of Giardia muris cysts by velocity sedimentation,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 48, pp. 454-455, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  20. A. Arévalo, S. Duque, and R. S. Nicholls, “Experimental infection of the gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) by Colombian isolates of Giardia duodenalis,” Biomédica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 305–314, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Untergasser, I. Cutcutache, T. Koressaar et al., “Primer3-new capabilities and interfaces,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 40, no. 15, p. e115, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Ponce-Macotela, Y. Rufino-González, A. González-Maciel, R. Reynoso-Robles, and M. N. Martínez-Gordillo, “Oregano (Lippia spp.) kills Giardia intestinalis trophozoites in vitro: Antigiardiasic activity and ultrastructural damage,” Parasitology Research, vol. 98, no. 6, pp. 557–560, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Quihui-Cota, R. León-Trujillo, H. Astiazarán-García et al., “Marked antigiardial activity of yucca baccata extracts: a potential natural alternative for treating protozoan infections,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2014, Article ID 823492, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. F. Vidal, J. C. Vidal, A. P. R. Gadelha, C. S. Lopes, M. G. P. Coelho, and L. H. Monteiro-Leal, “Giardia lamblia: The effects of extracts and fractions from Mentha x piperita Lin. (Lamiaceae) on trophozoites,” Experimental Parasitology emphasizes, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 25–31, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J.-P. Anthony, L. Fyfe, D. Stewart, G. J. McDougall, and H. V. Smith, “The effect of blueberry extracts on Giardia duodenalis viability and spontaneous excystation of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts, in vitro,” Methods, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 339–348, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. J. Murtagh Jr., M. R. Mowatt, C.-M. Lee et al., “Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins in the intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia. Isolation of a gene encoding an ~20-kDa ADP-ribosylation factor,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 267, no. 14, pp. 9654–9662, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. G. Ellis IV, M. Davila, and R. Chakrabarti, “Potential involvement of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 in encystation of a primitive eukaryote, Giardia lamblia: Stage-specific activation and intracellular localization,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 278, no. 3, pp. 1936–1945, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H.-Y. Lee, S. Hyung, N. Y. Lee, T.-S. Yong, S.-H. Han, and S.-J. Park, “Excretory-secretory products of Giardia lamblia induce interleukin-8 production in human colonic cells via activation of p38, ERK1/2, NF-κB and AP-1,” Parasite Immunology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 183–198, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. E. Sánchez-Miranda, J. Lemus-Bautista, S. Pérez, and J. Pérez-Ramos, “Effect of kramecyne on the inflammatory response in lipopolysaccharide- stimulated peritoneal macrophages,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 762020, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. H. Reyes-Vivas, I. De La Mora-De La Mora, A. Castillo-Villanueva et al., “Giardial triosephosphate isomerase as possible target of the cytotoxic effect of omeprazole in Giardia lamblia,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 58, no. 12, pp. 7072–7082, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus