Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 7236436, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7236436
Research Article

Systems Pharmacological Approach to the Effect of Bulsu-san Promoting Parturition

Department of Pharmacology, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Gyeongnam 50612, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Won G. An; rk.ca.nasup@nagw

Received 28 July 2017; Accepted 25 September 2017; Published 29 October 2017

Academic Editor: Gihyun Lee

Copyright © 2017 Su Yeon Suh and Won G. An. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Bulsu-san (BSS) has been commonly used in oriental medicine for pregnant women in East Asia. The purpose of this research was to elucidate the effect of BSS on ease of parturition using a systems-level in silico analytic approach. Research results show that BSS is highly connected to the parturition related pathways, biological processes, and organs. There were numerous interactions between most compounds of BSS and multiple target genes, and this was confirmed using herb-compound-target network, target-pathway network, and gene ontology analysis. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of relevant target genes of BSS was elevated significantly in related organ tissues, such as those of the uterus, placenta, fetus, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland. This study used a network analytical approach to demonstrate that Bulsu-san (BSS) is closely related to the parturition related pathways, biological processes, and organs. It is meaningful that this systems-level network analysis result strengthens the basis of clinical applications of BSS on ease of parturition.