Research Article

Use and Conservation of Medicinal Plants by Indigenous People of Gozamin Wereda, East Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach

Table 3

List of medicinal plants used for treating livestock diseases in the study area, with scientific name, family, local name, habit (Ha), shrub (S), tree (T), herb (H), climber (Cl), seed (Se), fruit (Fr), flower (Fl), shoot (Sh), collection number (Coll. No.), source, condition of preparation (fresh/F and dry/D), parts used (PU), root (R), leaf (L), stem (St), bark (Ba), and rhizome (Rh).

Scientific name, familyLocal name
HaDisease treatedPUPreparations, conditions of plants used, and mode of applicationsRouteVoucher number

Achyranthes aspera Lam. (Amaranthaceae)TelenjHEye infectionRFresh root is crushed and mixed with water and then dropped into the cattle’s eye.EyeNA10

Capparis tomentosa Lam. (Capparidaceae)GumeroSEvil spritRFumigation of dried root.Nasal/oralNA6

Clausena anisata (Willd.) J. D. Hook. Ex. Benth. (Rutaceae)LimichSCoccidiosisLThe leaves are squashed and extracted by water then the juice is given to chicken pox one or two spoon with bread.OralNA81

Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. (Poaceae)TejesarHAnthrax/unspecified diseaseRDried root powder is mixed with fresh water and then given to cattle.OralNA82

Dracaena steudneri Engl. (Dracaenaceae)MerqoTEvil spritBaThe juice is extracted from inner part of the bark and mixed with water and then given to animals for 2-3 days.OralNA67

Embelia schimperi Vatke (Myrsinaceae)EnqoqoSUnspecified diseaseLIts fresh leaves along with the leaves of Phytolacca dodecandra could be crushed, squeezed, decanted and given to cattle.OralNA73

Euclea racemosa (DC) Dandy (Ebenaceae)DedehoSWoundLLeaf powder is applied topically on the wounds of livestock.DermalNA79

Euphorbia abyssinica Gmel. (Euphorbiaceae)QulqualTRabiesRThe root crushed and mixed with food and then given to dog.OralNA91

Grewia ferruginea Hochst. ex A. Rich. (Tiliaceae)LenquataSPlacenta retentionLLeaves pounded, mixed with water, and then given to cattle to drink.OralNA21

Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass. (Asteraceae)NugHLeechSeThe seed is pounded and boiled with water then after cooling applied through nasal cavity to expel the parasite one cup.NasalNA84

Inula confertiflora A. Rich. (Asteraceae)WoynagiftSInfected eyeLFresh leaves crushed, squeezed, and dropped into eye.EyeNA89

Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex Nees) T. Anders. (Acanthaceae)SmizaSCoccidiosis
Unspecified disease
LThe leaves are squashed and extracted with water, then one or two spoons of juice are given to chicken.
Its leaves along with the leaves of Ricinus communis are crushed, squeezed, mixed, and decanted, and then about one can is given to cattle.

Lagenaria abyssinica (Hook. f.) C. Jeffrey (Cucurbitaceae)QilClLeechFrFresh fruit sap is given to cattle.NasalNA54

Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae)NimTInsect repellentLLeaves and juice sprayed in the house (on infected cattle skin).DermalNA52

Nicotiana tabacum L. (Solanaceae)TinbahoSLeechLLeaves crushed, squeezed, and dropped into the cattle’s nostril.NasalNA62

Otostegia integrifolia Benth. (Lamiaceae)TunjitSLeechLLeaf juice is squashed and applied through nasal cavity to expel the parasite.NasalNA47

Prunus persica (L.) Batsch (Rosaceae)KokSDiarrheaLCrushed and immersed in water for few minutes and then given to calf.OralNA16

Rhamnus prinoides L’ Herit (Rhamnaceae)GeshoSLeechLLeaf juice is pounded with water and applied through nasal cavity to expel the parasiteNasalNA27

Rubia cordifolia L. (Rubiaceae)HCoughWhWhole plant concoction is drunk (given to cattle).OralNA65

Salvia schimperi Benth. (Lamiaceae)Yahiya JeroHCoccidiosisLFresh leaf is mixed with Ruta chalepensis leaf and Allium sativum bulb; squeezed juice mixed with water is given orally to hen.OralNA58

Solanecio gigas Vatke. (Asteraceae)Yeshikoko gomenSDysentery
LThe whole leaf is given to cattle.
The leaf is pounded, squeezed, and added through nose.

Solanum marginatum L.f. (Solanaceae)EnbuaySLeech
External parasite
FrThe fruits’ sap is dropped into nostril.
The cattle’s skin is rubbed with the fluid.

Verbasicum sinaiticum Benth. (Scrophulariaceae)QetentinaHRabiesLJuice squashed from fresh leaf and then given to the dog with milk and food.OralNA70

Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae)ZinjiblHStomachacheRFresh rhizome crushed is mixed with salt and then dissolved by water and one cup is given.OralNA66

Note. plant species. plant species which are used in the treatment of both human and livestock ailments.