Use and Conservation of Medicinal Plants by Indigenous People of Gozamin Wereda, East Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia: An Ethnobotanical Approach
List of medicinal plants used for treating livestock diseases in the study area, with scientific name, family, local name, habit (Ha), shrub (S), tree (T), herb (H), climber (Cl), seed (Se), fruit (Fr), flower (Fl), shoot (Sh), collection number (Coll. No.), source, condition of preparation (fresh/F and dry/D), parts used (PU), root (R), leaf (L), stem (St), bark (Ba), and rhizome (Rh).
Scientific name, family
Local name (Amharic)
Preparations, conditions of plants used, and mode of applications
Achyranthes aspera Lam. (Amaranthaceae)
Fresh root is crushed and mixed with water and then dropped into the cattle’s eye.
Capparis tomentosa Lam. (Capparidaceae)
Fumigation of dried root.
Clausena anisata (Willd.) J. D. Hook. Ex. Benth. (Rutaceae)
The leaves are squashed and extracted by water then the juice is given to chicken pox one or two spoon with bread.
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. (Poaceae)
Dried root powder is mixed with fresh water and then given to cattle.
Dracaena steudneri Engl. (Dracaenaceae)
The juice is extracted from inner part of the bark and mixed with water and then given to animals for 2-3 days.
Embelia schimperi Vatke (Myrsinaceae)
Its fresh leaves along with the leaves of Phytolacca dodecandra could be crushed, squeezed, decanted and given to cattle.
Euclea racemosa (DC) Dandy (Ebenaceae)
Leaf powder is applied topically on the wounds of livestock.
Euphorbia abyssinica Gmel. (Euphorbiaceae)
The root crushed and mixed with food and then given to dog.
Grewia ferruginea Hochst. ex A. Rich. (Tiliaceae)
Leaves pounded, mixed with water, and then given to cattle to drink.
Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass. (Asteraceae)
The seed is pounded and boiled with water then after cooling applied through nasal cavity to expel the parasite one cup.
Inula confertiflora A. Rich. (Asteraceae)
Fresh leaves crushed, squeezed, and dropped into eye.
Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex Nees) T. Anders. (Acanthaceae)
Coccidiosis Unspecified disease (“Qurba”)
The leaves are squashed and extracted with water, then one or two spoons of juice are given to chicken. Its leaves along with the leaves of Ricinus communis are crushed, squeezed, mixed, and decanted, and then about one can is given to cattle.
Lagenaria abyssinica (Hook. f.) C. Jeffrey (Cucurbitaceae)
Fresh fruit sap is given to cattle.
Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae)
Leaves and juice sprayed in the house (on infected cattle skin).
Nicotiana tabacum L. (Solanaceae)
Leaves crushed, squeezed, and dropped into the cattle’s nostril.
Otostegia integrifolia Benth. (Lamiaceae)
Leaf juice is squashed and applied through nasal cavity to expel the parasite.
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch (Rosaceae)
Crushed and immersed in water for few minutes and then given to calf.
Rhamnus prinoides L’ Herit (Rhamnaceae)
Leaf juice is pounded with water and applied through nasal cavity to expel the parasite
Rubia cordifolia L. (Rubiaceae)
Whole plant concoction is drunk (given to cattle).
Salvia schimperi Benth. (Lamiaceae)
Fresh leaf is mixed with Ruta chalepensis leaf and Allium sativum bulb; squeezed juice mixed with water is given orally to hen.
Solanecio gigas Vatke. (Asteraceae)
The whole leaf is given to cattle. The leaf is pounded, squeezed, and added through nose.
Solanum marginatum L.f. (Solanaceae)
Leech External parasite
The fruits’ sap is dropped into nostril. The cattle’s skin is rubbed with the fluid.
Verbasicum sinaiticum Benth. (Scrophulariaceae)
Juice squashed from fresh leaf and then given to the dog with milk and food.
Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae)
Fresh rhizome crushed is mixed with salt and then dissolved by water and one cup is given.
Note. plant species. plant species which are used in the treatment of both human and livestock ailments.
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