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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 5382904, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5382904
Review Article

Genus Spondias: A Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo 11566, Egypt

Correspondence should be addressed to Eman Al-Sayed; ge.ude.usa.amrahp@deyasla_me

Received 24 August 2017; Revised 23 November 2017; Accepted 11 January 2018; Published 12 February 2018

Academic Editor: Dolores García Giménez

Copyright © 2018 Salma Sameh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

It is believed that many degenerative diseases are due to oxidative stress. In view of the limited drugs available for treating degenerative diseases, natural products represent a promising therapeutic strategy in the search for new and effective candidates for treating degenerative diseases. This review focuses on the genus Spondias which is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of many diseases. Spondias is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae). This genus comprises 18 species distributed across tropical regions in the world. A variety of bioactive phytochemical constituents were isolated from different plants belonging to the genus Spondias. Diverse pharmacological activities were reported for the genus Spondias including cytotoxic, antioxidant, ulcer protective, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic, and antidementia effects. These attributes indicate their potential to treat various degenerative diseases. The aim of this review is to draw attention to the unexplored potential of phytochemicals obtained from Spondias species, thereby contributing to the development of new therapeutic alternatives that may improve the health of people suffering from degenerative diseases and other health problems.