Table 1: Principal demographic and clinical characteristics of participants.

AD patientsMCI patientsHCP  
RASARASA

Gender [M/F] (frequencies)14 (4/10)7 (5/2)8 (3/5)6 (3/3)14 (6/8)
Age [years], mean (SD)66.93±8.9171.29±4.7566.38±10.9767.83±6.0166.07±5.780.68
Education [years], mean (SD)10.07±3.388.86±6.6910.63±3.5411.00±3.1611.00±4.520.60
MMSE score, mean (SD)15.92±4.1211.71±7.2025.38±1.3025.67±2.3428.00±1.41<0.01
AVLT score, mean (SD)
immediate11.36±3.957.00±5.6914.13±3.5222.50±3.0226.86±5.25<0.01
delayed2.64±1.601.57±1.624.38±1.607.83±3.9211.07±2.76<0.01
recognition3.36±1.554.14±3.347.38±3.119.17±3.1912.71±2.09<0.01
CDR, mean (SD)1–21–20.50.50

RA, real acupuncture point group; SA, sham acupuncture point group; HC, healthy control group; MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination; AVLT, Auditory Verbal Learning Test; immediate, immediate recall of learning verbal; delayed, delayed recall of learning verbal; recognition, recognition of learning verbal; CDR, clinical dementia rate. All plus-minus values were means ± standard deviation (SD).
  P values were obtained by one-way analysis of variance tests (ANOVA) among AD patients, MCI patients, and HC.