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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2019, Article ID 2509129, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2509129
Review Article

Preclinical and Clinical Evidence Supporting Use of Cannabidiol in Psychiatry

1Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
2Division of Pharmacognosy & Chemistry of Natural Products, Department of Pharmacy, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
3Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Therapy, A.O.U. G. Martino Messina, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
4Research and Innovation Center in Phytotherapy and Integrated Medicine (CERFIT), Referring Center for Phytotherapy of Tuscany Region, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy
5Psychiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
6Permanent Commission for Guidelines, Coordinator, Tuscany Region, Florence, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Gioacchino Calapai; ti.eminu@iapalacg

Received 8 April 2019; Revised 11 July 2019; Accepted 9 August 2019; Published 29 August 2019

Academic Editor: Abir El-Alfy

Copyright © 2019 Gioacchino Calapai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major chemical compound present in Cannabis sativa. CBD is a nonpsychotomimetic substance, and it is considered one of the most promising candidates for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Objective. The aim of this review is to illustrate the state of art about scientific research and the evidence of effectiveness of CBD in psychiatric patients. Methods. This review collects the main scientific findings on the potential role of CBD in the psychiatric field, and results of clinical trials carried out on psychiatric patients are commented. A research was conducted in the PUBMED, SCOPUS, and ScienceDirect databases using combinations of the words cannabidiol, psychiatry, and neuropsychiatric. Results. Preclinical and clinical studies on potential role of CBD in psychiatry were collected and further discussed. We found four clinical studies describing the effects of CBD in psychiatric patients: two studies about schizophrenic patients and the other two studies carried out on CBD effects in patients affected by generalized social anxiety disorder (SAD). Conclusion. Results from these studies are promising and suggest that CBD may have a role in the development of new therapeutic strategies in mental diseases, and they justify an in-depth commitment in this field. However, clinical evidence we show for CBD in psychiatric patients is instead still poor and limited to schizophrenia and anxiety, and it needs to be implemented with further studies carried out on psychiatric patients.