Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2019 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Relationship between Cold Hypersensitivity in the Hands and Feet and Health-Related Quality of Life in Koreans: A Nationwide Population Survey

Table 3

Difference in general characteristics between CHHF and non-CHHF groups.

CHHFNon-CHHFP-value

Men
 N106906
 Age48.0 ±15.745.2 ±14.90.071
 Height172.0 ±5.7172.5 ±5.40.390
 Weight68.5 ±8.271.2 ±9.20.003
 BMI23.1 ±2.423.9 ±2.60.004
 PCS51.3 ±6.752.7±6.10.024
 MCS50.4 ±7.551.2 ±7.90.282
 Drinking
 Current drinker93 (87.7)789 (87.1)0.850
 Not drinking13 (12.3)117 (12.9)
 Smoking
 Current smoker43 (43.4)439 (48.5)0.324
 Not smoking60 (56.6)467 (51.5)
 Marital status
 With spouse77 (72.6)636 (70.2)0.602
 Without spouse29 (27.4)270 (29.8)
 Income
 Under 20023 (21.7)121 (13.4)0.174
 200–30019 (17.9)180 (19.9)
 300–40028 (26.4)270 (29.8)
 400–50013 (12.3)150 (16.6)
 Over 50023 (21.7)184 (20.3)
 Occupation
 Office22 (20.8)251 (27.7)0.088
 Service36 (34.0)339 (37.4)
 Others48 (45.3)316 (34.9)
 Education
 ≤ Middle school17 (16.0)96 (10.6)0.211
 High school35 (33.0)343 (37.9)
 ≥ University54 (50.9)466 (51.5)
Women
 N289707
 Age47.1 ±16.247.6 ±15.30.688
 Height158.8 ±5.3159.2 ±5.00.247
 Weight55.3 ±6.957.5 ±7.4< 0.001
 BMI22.0 ±2.922.7 ±3.0< 0.001
 PCS48.1 ±9.450.6 ±7.7< 0.001
 MCS48.2 ±8.750.8 ±8.3< 0.001
 Drinking
 Current drinker201 (69.6)457 (64.6)0.078
 Not drinking88 (30.4)250 (35.4)
 Smoking
 Current smoker11 (3.8)16 (2.3)0.127
 Not smoking278 (96.2)691 (97.7)
 Marital status
 With spouse211 (73.3)537 (76.0)0.373
 Without spouse77 (26.7)170 (24.0)
 Income
 Under 20056 (19.5)109 (15.5)0.458
 200–30052 (18.1)121 (17.2)
 300–40074 (25.8)200 (28.4)
 400–50040 (13.9)118 (16.7)
 Over 50065 (22.6)157 (22.3)
 Occupation
 Office61 (21.1)100 (14.1)0.025
 Service89 (30.8)243 (34.4)
 Others139 (48.1)364 (51.5)
 Education
 ≤ Middle school58 (20.1)162 (23.1)0.074
 High school112 (38.9)306 (43.6)
 ≥ University118 (41.0)234 (33.3)
Total
 N3951613
 Age47.3 ± 16.146.2 ± 15.10.191
 Height162.3 ± 8.0166.6 ± 8.4< 0.001
 Weight58.8 ± 9.365.2 ± 10.8< 0.001
 BMI22.3 ± 2.823.4 ± 2.9< 0.001
 PCS48.9 ± 8.951.8 ± 6.9< 0.001
 MCS48.8 ± 8.451.1 ± 8.1< 0.001
 Drinking
 Current drinker294 (74.4)1246 (77.2)0.235
 Not drinking101 (25.6)367 (22.8)
 Smoking
 Current smoker57 (14.4)455 (28.2)< 0.001
 Not smoking338 (85.6)1158 (71.8)
 Marital status
 With spouse288 (73.1)1173 (72.7)0.881
 Without spouse106 (26.9)440 (27.3)
 Income
 Under 20079 (20.1)230 (14.3)0.035
 200–30071 (18.1)301 (18.7)
 300–400102 (26.0)470 (29.2)
 400–50053 (13.5)268 (16.6)
 Over 50088 (22.4)341 (21.2)
 Occupation
 Office83 (21.0)351 (21.8)0.147
 Service125 (31.6)582 (36.1)
 Others187 (47.3)680 (42.2)
 Education
 ≤ Middle school75 (19.0)258 (16.1)0.295
 High school147 (37.3)649 (40.4)
 ≥ University172 (43.7)700 (43.6)

CHHF, cold hypersensitivity in the hands and feet; BMI, body mass index; PCS, SF-12 Physical component summary; MCS, SF-12 mental component summary.
“Current drinker” was defined as alcohol consumption at least once a month; “Not drinking” was defined as alcohol consumption less than once a month.
Average monthly household income (unit: 10,000 KRW)
“Office” includes administrative, professional, and clerical work; “Service” includes service and sales industries; “Others” includes skilled or machine work, labour, agriculture and forestry, fishing, and unemployment.

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