Education Research International / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Exploring the Effects of Hope on GPA and Retention among College Undergraduate Students on Academic Probation

Table 1

Student hope and GPA levels prior to and after UNIV 01.

NBeginning of semester GPA mean and standard deviationEnd of semester GPA mean and standard deviation

Low hope ( , SD = 5.24)70 , ,
Medium hope ( , SD = 1.57)81 , ,
High hope ( , SD = 2.99)82 , ,

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