Table 1: Intersections of students’ deployment of conceptual knowledge (construction or adjustment of concepts/engagement of existing concepts) with emergent interactive strategies (confirmatory/exploratory) observed in think-aloud tasks with a visuohaptic virtual model of molecular electric fields.

ConfirmatoryExploratory

Construction or adjustment of concepts Validating newly constructed or adjusted concepts by comparing perceptions within the system Constructing or adjusting concepts based on perception
Engagement of existing concepts Verifying existing concepts by comparing perceptions within the system to those expected Interpreting perceptions in terms of existing concepts