Education Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Cognitive Load of Learner Control: Extraneous or Germane Load?

Table 2

Means (standard deviations) of all measured variables, represented per condition.

No controlLearner control

6973
Preexperimental
 Prior knowledge test (max. 15)12.02 (1.89)11.67 (1.87)
 Self-efficacy (max. 48)32.87 (5.15)31.34 (6.12)
 Prior motivation (total)98.73 (12.62)94.63 (13.17)
 Working memory capacity (max. 60)36.35 (9.45)36.42 (9.35)
Learning outcomes
 Course score (in %)46.94 (13.80)64.12 (10.762)
 Post-test score (in %)34.92 (11.50)31.58 (11.73)
 Mean mental effort rating (max. 7)4.19 (.99)3.80 (.99)
 Score on secondary task (max. 11)5.74 (2.21)5.75 (2.39)
 Difficulty rating (max. 7)4.49 (1.04)3.84 (1.11)
Postexperimental motivation (IMI)
 Interest/enjoyment (max. 42)23.78 (6.51)25.90 (6.18)
 Perceived competence (max. 36)18.68 (4.71)21.49 (5.25)
 Effort/importance (max. 30)20.49 (4.58)19.99 (4.94)
 Perceived choice (max. 42)23.34 (6.37)23.97 (6.87)
 Value/usefulness (max. 36)25.85 (5.07)26.27 (5.33)

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