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Education Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 140737, 13 pages
Research Article

Dilemma of Basic School Pupils in Northern Ghana with respect to Their Learning Context

1Ghana Education Service, Savelugu, Ghana
2Faculty of Integrated Development Studies, University for Development Studies, Wa, Ghana
3Faculty of Education, University for Development Studies, P.O. Box TL 1350, Tamale, Ghana
4Tamale Polytechnic, Tamale, Ghana

Received 26 March 2014; Revised 12 August 2014; Accepted 17 August 2014; Published 1 September 2014

Academic Editor: Stephen P. Heyneman

Copyright © 2014 Hakim Abdallah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Lately, basic school pupils have performed poorly in the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) as well as in their end of term examinations and this necessitated an enquiry into the phenomenon. The study used the cross-sectional study design. The sample size was 195. The study collected data using a questionnaire. Data analysis involved using descriptive statistics. The study found that largely pupils from academically performing and nonacademically performing schools have similar perceptions about causes of poor academic performance. Again, the combined effect of home and school environmental factors emerged as the major contributor to poor academic performance. The study recommends that providing a conducive home environment for the pupils, tackling pupil and teacher related factors, would help to ensure that poor academic performance is a thing of the past.