Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Education Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8475460, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8475460
Review Article

Measuring Student Transformation in Entrepreneurship Education Programs

Entrepreneurship & Strategy, Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, 575 Bay Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 2K3

Correspondence should be addressed to Steven A. Gedeon

Received 7 January 2017; Revised 9 March 2017; Accepted 5 April 2017; Published 18 April 2017

Academic Editor: Päivi Tynjälä

Copyright © 2017 Steven A. Gedeon. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Leitao and R. Baptista, Public Policies for Fostering Entrepreneurship: A European Perspective, Springer US, New York, NY, USA, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. K. Wilson, “Entrepreneurship Education in Europe,” in Entrepreneurship and Higher Education, J. Potter, Ed., pp. 119–138, OECD Publishing, Paris, France, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. A. Fayolle and B. Gailly, “From craft to science,” Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 569–593, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. H. Brockhaus, E. G. Hills, H. Klandt, and H. P. Welsch, Entrepreneurship Education: A Global View, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, United Kingdom, 2001.
  5. J. O. Fiet, “The theoretical side of teaching entrepreneurship,” Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–24, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Solomon, “An examination of entrepreneurship education in the United States,” Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 168–182, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. Henry, F. Hill, and C. Leitch, “Entrepreneurship education and training: can entrepreneurship be taught? Part I,” Education and Training, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 98–111, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. G. Klein and J. B. Bullock, “Can entrepreneurship be taught?” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 429–439, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. B. Honig, “Entrepreneurship education: toward a model of contingency-based business planning,” Academy of Management Learning & Education, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 258–273, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. B. C. Martin, J. J. McNally, and M. J. Kay, “Examining the formation of human capital in entrepreneurship: a meta-analysis of entrepreneurship education outcomes,” Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 211–224, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. N. Garavan and B. O'Cinneide, “Entrepreneurship education and training programmes: a review and evaluation—part 1,” Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 3–12, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Falka ng and F. Alberti, “The assessment of entrepreneurship education,” Industry and Higher Education, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 101–108, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. K. H. Vesper and W. B. Gartner, “Measuring progress in entrepreneurship education,” Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 403–421, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. F. Kuratko, “The emergence of entrepreneurship education: development, trends, and challenges,” Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 577–597, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. M. Juran, Quality Control Handbook, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1951, (2nd edition, 1962, 3rd edition, 1974, 4th edition, 1988, 5th edition, 1999, 6th edition, 2010).
  16. P. B. Crosby, Quality Is Free: The Art of Making Quality Certain, vol. 94, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1979.
  17. W. E. Deming, Out of the Crisis, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 1986.
  18. D. A. Garvin, Managing Quality: The Strategic And Competitive Edge, Free Press, 1988.
  19. L. J. Porter and A. J. Parker, “Total quality management-the critical success factors,” Total Quality Management, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 13–22, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. D. Hanna and W. R. Newman, Integrated Operations Management, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, Prentice-Hall, 2001.
  21. B. B. Burkhalter, “How can institutions of higher education achieve quality within the new economy?” Total Quality Management, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 153–160, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. Baldwin, “The student as customer: the discourse of quality in higher education,” Journal of Tertiary Education Administration, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 131–139, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  23. K. E. Bass, S. A. Dellana, and F. J. Herbert, “Assessing the use of total quality management in the business school classroom,” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 339–343, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. D. J. Brown and H. F. Koenig, “Applying total quality management to business education,” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 325–329, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. R. Manley and J. Manley, “Sharing the wealth: TQM spreads from business to education,” Quality Progress, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 51–55, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. D. Wright, “Accreditation and the scholarship of assessment,” in Building a Scholarship of Assessment, T. W. Banta and Associates, Eds., pp. 240–258, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  27. AACSB, “Eligibility Procedures and Accreditation Standards for Business Accreditation. AACSB International – The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business,” http://www.aacsb.edu/-/media/aacsb/docs/accreditation/standards/accountingstds_2013_update-03oct_final_tracked_changes.ashx?la=en.
  28. EFMD, European Quality Improvement System—EQUIS Standards and Criteria. http://www.efmd.org/accreditation-main/equis/equis-guides.
  29. C. Temponi, “Continuous improvement framework: implications for academia,” Quality Assurance in Education, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 17–36, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Tam, “Measuring quality and performance in higher education,” Quality in Higher Education, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 47–54, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. C. A. Palomba and T. W. Banta, Assessing Student Competence in Accredited Disciplines: Pioneering Approaches to Assessment in Higher Education, Stylus Publishing, Sterling, Va, USA, 2001.
  32. NCIHE, National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education. Main Report, HMSO, London.
  33. A. J. Hesketh, “Recruiting an elite? employers' perceptions of graduate education and training,” Journal of Education and Work, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 245–271, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. J. Cope, “Toward a dynamic learning perspective of entrepreneurship,” Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 373–397, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. A. Gedeon, “Application of best practices in university entrepreneurship education: designing a new MBA program,” European Journal of Training and Development, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 231–253, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. Bacigalupo, P. Kampylis, Y. Punie, and G. Van den Brande, EntreComp: The Entrepreneurship Competence Framework, Publication Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2016.
  37. T. M. Cooney, Entrepreneurship skills for growth-orientated businesses, Danish Business Authority, Copenhag, Denmark, 2012.
  38. D. Valliere, S. A. Gedeon, and S. Wise, “A comprehensive framework for entrepreneurship education,” Special Issue on Entrepreneurial Education in the Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 89–120, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  39. E. Turgut-Dao, S. A. Gedeon, K. Sailer, F. Huber, and M. Franck, “Embedding experiential learning in cross-faculty entrepreneurship education,” in proceeding of the ECSB Entrepreneurship Education Conference, proceeding of the 3E Conference, pp. 2411–3298, Lüneburg, Germany, 2015.
  40. R. A. Baron and G. D. Markman, “Beyond social capital: how social skills can enhance entrepreneurs success,” Academy of Management Executive, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 106–114, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. L. W. Busenitz, “Research on entrepreneurial alertness: sampling, measurement, and theoretical issues,” Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 35–44, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. H. H. Stevenson and J. C. Jarillo, “A paradigm of entrepreneurship: entrepreneurial management,” Strategic Management Journal, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 17–27, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  43. J. Ebben and A. Johnson, “Bootstrapping in small firms: an empirical analysis of change over time,” Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 851–865, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. U. Hytti, P. Stenholm, J. Heinonen, and J. Seikkula-Leino, “Perceived learning outcomes in entrepreneurship education: the impact of student motivation and team behaviour,” Education and Training, vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 587–606, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. Gedeon, “Trust, ethics, character and competence in angel investing,” Entrepreneurial Practice Review, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 38–51, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  46. D. Hagan, “Employer satisfaction with ICT graduates,” in Proceedings of the 6th Australasian Conference on Computing Education-Volume 30, pp. 119–123, 2004.
  47. H. Oosterbeek, M. van Praag, and A. Ijsselstein, “The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurship skills and motivation,” European Economic Review, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 442–454, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. N. F. Krueger Jr., M. D. Reilly, and A. L. Carsrud, “Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions,” Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 411–432, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. K. Moberg, L. Vestergaard, A. Fayolle et al., How to assess and evaluate the influence of entrepreneurship education: A report of the ASTEE project with a user guide to the tools, 2014.
  50. A. Bandura, “Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change,” Psychological Review, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 191–215, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. J. E. McGee, M. Peterson, S. L. Mueller, and J. M. Sequeira, “Entrepreneurial self-efficacy: refining the measure,” Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 965–988, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. J. R. Baum and E. A. Locke, “The relationship of entrepreneurial traits, skill, and motivation to subsequent venture growth,” Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 587–598, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. E. R. Thompson, “Individual entrepreneurial intent: construct clarification and development of an internationally reliable metric,” Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 669–694, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. C. Schlaegel and M. Koenig, “Determinants of entrepreneurial intent: a meta-analytic test and integration of competing models,” Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 291–332, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. D. Valliere, “An effectuation measure of entrepreneurial intent,” Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 169, pp. 131–142, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  56. Princeton Review, Top 25Entrepreneurship Programs, 2017, https://www.princetonreview.com/college-rankings/top-entrepreneur.
  57. Entrepreneur.com, Top 25Colleges for Entrepreneurship 2015, 2015, https://www.entrepreneur.com/slideshow/237330.
  58. C. Chua, “Perception of quality in higher education,” in Proceedings in the australian universities quality forum, AUQA occasional publication, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  59. J. Douglas, A. Douglas, and B. Barnes, “Measuring student satisfaction at a UK university,” Quality Assurance in Education, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 251–267, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. G. K. Kanji, A. Malek, and B. A. Tambi, “Total quality management in UK higher education institutions,” Total Quality Management, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 129–153, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. S. Marginson, “University mission and identity for a post post‐public era,” Higher Education Research & Development, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 117–131, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  62. J. H. McMillan, “Beyond value-added education: improvement alone is not enough,” The Journal of Higher Education, vol. 59, no. 5, p. 564, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  63. A. W. Astin, “Why not try some new ways of measuring quality?” Educational Record, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 10–15, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  64. R. Barnett, Improving Higher Education: Total Quality Care, Open University Press, Bristol, PA, USA, 1992.
  65. A. Lock, “Accreditation in business education,” Quality Assurance in Education, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 68–76, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  66. J. Cullen, J. Joyce, T. Hassall, and M. Broadbent, “Quality in higher education: from monitoring to management,” Quality Assurance in Education, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 5–15, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  67. T. A. Finkle, “Trends in the market for entrepreneurship faculty from 1989-2005,” Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, vol. 10, no. 1, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  68. A. E. Osseo‐Asare and D. Longbottom, “The need for education and training in the use of the EFQM model for quality management in UK higher education institutions,” Quality Assurance in Education, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 26–37, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  69. R. Barnett, “The idea of quality: voicing the educational,” Higher Education Quarterly, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 3–19, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. C. D. Lein and C. M. Merz, “Faculty evaluation in schools of business: the impact of AACSB accreditation on promotion and tenure decisions,” Collegiate News and Views, Winter, pp. 21–24, 1977-1978. View at Google Scholar
  71. H. Tong and A. L. Bures, “An empirical study of faculty evaluation systems: business faculty perceptions,” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 62, no. 7, pp. 319–322, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  72. W. L. Weis, “What's going on in business schools?” Decision Line, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 3–4, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  73. W. C. Perkins, “Teaching: gaining importance?” Decision Line, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1–34, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  74. I. C. Ehie and D. Karathanos, “Business faculty performance evaluation based on the new aacsb accreditation standards,” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 257–263, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  75. J. A. Yunker, “Viewpoint: Doing things the hard way—problems with mission-linked aacsb accreditation standards and suggestions for improvement,” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 348–353, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  76. R. H. Jantzen, “AACSB mission-linked standards: effects on the accreditation process,” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 343–347, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  77. B. P. Arlinghaus, “The environment for professional interaction and relevant practical experience in aacsb-accredited accounting programs,” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 38–45, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  78. W. A. Roberts, R. Johnson, and J. Groesbeck, “The faculty perspective on the impact of AACSB accreditation,” Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 111–125, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  79. C. Lejeune and A. Vas, “Organizational culture and effectiveness in business schools: a test of the accreditation impact,” Journal of Management Development, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 728–741, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  80. B. A. Beno, “The role of student learning outcomes in accreditation quality review,” New Directions for Community Colleges, vol. 2004, no. 126, pp. 65–72, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  81. R. H. Roller, B. K. Andrews, and S. L. Bovee, “Specialized accreditation of business schools: a comparison of alternative costs, benefits, and motivations,” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 197–204, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  82. R. O. N. A. L. D. Dearing, The Dearing Report, The National Committee of Enquiry into Higher Education, 1997, The Dearing Report, The National Committee of Enquiry into Higher Education.
  83. L. Harvey and D. Green, Employer Satisfaction, Quality in Higher Education Project, Birmingham, United Kingdom, 1994.
  84. E. Dunne, N. Bennett, and C. Carré, “Higher education: core skills in a learning society,” Journal of Education Policy, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 511–525, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  85. DETYA, Employer satisfaction with graduate skills research report, Department of Education, Training, and Youth Affairs, Canberra, Australia.
  86. R. Blundell, L. Dearden, C. Meghir, and B. Sianesi, “Human capital investment: the returns from education and training to the individual, the firm and the economy,” Fiscal Studies, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1–23, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  87. G. von Graevenitz, D. Harhoff, and R. Weber, “The effects of entrepreneurship education,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 90–112, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  88. A. Fayolle, B. Gailly, and N. Lassas-Clerc, “Assessing the impact of entrepreneurship education programmes: a new methodology,” Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 701–720, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  89. L. Mai, “A Comparative study between uk and us: the student satisfaction in higher education and its influential factors,” Journal of Marketing Management, vol. 21, no. 7-8, pp. 859–878, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  90. A. Parasuraman, V. A. Zeithaml, and L. L. Berry, “SERVQUAL: a multiple-item scale for measuring consumer perceptions of service quality,” Journal of Retailing, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 12–40, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  91. F. Buttle, “SERVQUAL: review, critique, research agenda,” European Journal of Marketing, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 8–32, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  92. S. Ambrose, T. Huston, and M. Norman, “A qualitative method for assessing faculty satisfaction,” Research in Higher Education, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 803–830, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  93. T. Manger and O.-J. Eikeland, “Factors predicting staff's intentions to leave the university,” Higher Education, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 281–291, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  94. L. L. B. Barnes, M. O. Agago, and W. T. Coombs, “Effects of job-related stress on faculty intention to leave academia,” Research in Higher Education, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 457–469, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  95. N. A. Bowman and M. N. Bastedo, “Getting on the front page: Organizational reputation, status signals, and the impact of U.S. news and world report on student decisions,” Research in Higher Education, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 415–436, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  96. M. Clarke, “The impact of higher education rankings on student access, choice, and opportunity,” Higher Education in Europe, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 59–70, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  97. D. D. Dill and M. Soo, “Academic quality, league tables, and public policy: a cross-national analysis of university ranking systems,” Higher Education, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 495–533, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  98. E. T. Pascarella, “Identifying excellence in undergraduate education,” Change, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 19–23, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  99. USASBE, National Model Program Awards Criteria. United States Association of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 2017, http://www.usasbe.org/?page=EENAwards.
  100. MBNQA, Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award 2017-2018, Education Criteria for Performance Excellence, National Instititute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA, 2017.
  101. J. Evans, “Critical linkages in the baldrige award criteria: research models and educational challenges,” Quality Management Journal, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 13–30, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  102. B. B. Flynn and B. Saladin, “Further evidence on the validity of the theoretical models underlying the baldrige criteria,” Journal of Operations Management, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 617–652, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  103. M. A. Badri, H. Selim, K. Alshare, E. E. Grandon, H. Younis, and M. Abdulla, “The baldrige education criteria for performance excellence framework: empirical test and validation,” International Journal of Quality and Reliability Management, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 1118–1157, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  104. L. Pittaway, P. Hannon, A. Gibb, and J. Thompson, “Assessment practice in enterprise education,” International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 71–93, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  105. JCSEE, Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation, The Program Evaluation Standards: How to Assess Evaluations of Educational Programs, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA, 2nd edition, 1994.
  106. JCSEE Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation, The Student Evaluation Standards: How to Improve Evaluations of Students, Corwin Press, Thousand Oaks, CA, 2003.
  107. J. Arter, “Classroom assessment for student learning (CASL) perspective on the JCSEE student evaluation standards,” in JCSEE National Conference on Benchmarking Student Evaluation Practices, AERA 2009 in the Division H Symposium, 2009.
  108. J. Shaftel and T. L. Shaftel, “Educational assessment and the aacsb,” Issues in Accounting Education, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 215–232, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  109. R. W. Tyler, “The objectives and plans for a national assessment of educational progress,” Journal of Educational Measurement, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  110. E. L. Baker, “Testing and assessment: a progress report,” Educational Assessment, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  111. K. Martell, “Assessing Student Learning: are business schools making the grade?” Journal of Education for Business, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 189–195, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  112. D. Eseryel, “Approaches to evaluation of training: theory & practice,” Educational Technology and Society, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 93–98, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  113. D. L. Kirkpatrick, Evaluating Training Programs, McGraw-Hill Education, Tata, India, 1975.
  114. M. Y. Christ, “Fostering the professional development of every business student: The Valparaiso University College of Business Administration Assessment Center,” in Assessment in the Disciplines, Assessment of Student Learning in Business Schools: Best Practices Each Step of the Way, K. Martell and T. Calderon, Eds., vol. 1, Association for Institutional Research, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FLa, USA, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  115. F. Wilson, J. Kickul, and D. Marlino, “Gender, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial career intentions: implications for entrepreneurship education,” Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 387–406, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  116. A. Fayolle, “Evaluation of entrepreneurship education: behaviour performing or intention increasing?” International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 89–98, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus