Education Research International / 2018 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

The Assessment of Written Phrasal Constructs and Grammar of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students with Varying Expressive Language Abilities

Table 4

Means and standard deviations for average T-units per sample and phrasal errors (PEs) as a percentage of T-unit for the beginning, middle, and end of the year writing samples by language groups.

Average T-unitAverage # of PE per T-units
BEGMIDENDBEGMIDEND

Language group
English 13 (13)12 (8)18 (10)4.4% (5.2%)2.8% (6.5%)1.2% (2.9%)
Bilingual 27 (12)20 (14)42 (26)2% (3.2%)0.7% (2%)0% (0%)
LDL 3 (2)15 (10)9 (3)21.9% (36.8%)14.9% (19.3%)14% (22.7%)
Total 15 (14)16 (11)23 (21)7.9% (19.3%)5.0% (11.5%)4.0% (12.2%)