Education Research International / 2018 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

The Assessment of Written Phrasal Constructs and Grammar of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students with Varying Expressive Language Abilities

Table 5

Mean, standard deviation (SD), and minimum and maximum for total number of words and unique vocabulary words for the beginning, middle, and end of the year writing samples by language group.

BeginningMiddleEnd
Mean (SD); min–maxMean (SD); min–maxMean (SD); min–max

Total words
English (13)91 (99); 17–365100 (63); 46–239156 (101); 37–356
Bilingual (9)251 (127); 43–409183 (88); 80–356381 (290); 131–970
LDL (7)10 (6); 3–1881 (62); 14–17650 (25); 18–91
All students (29)122 (133); 3–409121 (81); 14–356200 (214); 18–970
Unique vocabulary words
English (13)49 (40); 15–15355 (24); 29–11073 (38); 28–157
ASL (9)114 (49); 28–17094 (38); 50–171155 (88); 68–310
Language delayed (7)10 (6); 3–1747 (27); 12–8832 (14); 17–58
All students (29)60 (55); 3–17065 (35); 12–17189 (72); 17–310