Education Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Transforming African Education Systems in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Using ICTs: Challenges and Opportunities

Table 2

A summary of key issues and strategies related to ICT for effective professional development.

Key issuesStrategy

Learning designsDesign programs based on what we know about how ICT can support learning
Opportunities for reflectionDesign activities that encourage participants to use ICT and reflect on their practice
Collaborative effortsEncourage the use of ICT for collaboration among all stakeholders in the design, implementation, and evaluation of programs
Ongoing supportUse ICT and online technologies to provide ongoing support
Informal learningProvide opportunities for informal learning and support
Systemic effortCoordinate TPD with broader ICT and school improvement efforts
LeadershipFoster leadership which nurtures innovation, change, and the creation of schools as learning organizations
Authentic engagement within teachers’ contextsSituate programs in teachers’ context so that activities are authentic

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