Submit your research today
European Journal of Cancer Care is now an open access journal, and articles will be immediately available to read and reuse upon publication.Read our author guidelines
The European Journal of Cancer Care aims to encourage comprehensive, multiprofessional cancer care across Europe and internationally.
Chief Editor Prof. David Weller is currently the Professor of General Practice at the University of Edinburgh and leads the Cancer and Primary Care Research International Network (Ca‐PRI). His research focuses on primary and secondary health care, and early detection of cancer.
Abstracting and Indexing
Latest ArticlesMore articles
Prognostic Impact of Prephase Treatment Prior to First-Line Treatment in DLBCL: A Population-Based Registry Study
Introduction. Prephase treatment (PP) is recommended in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) to decrease therapy-related toxicities and to avoid tumour lysis syndrome. Data in the real world are limited, and no study has evaluated the impact on overall survival. We aimed to evaluate overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and grade III-IV toxicities during the first cycle according to PP. Methods and Materials. All DLBCL diagnosed between 2014 and 2017 and aged between 18 and 80 years were identified by the Poitou-Charentes General Cancer Registry (France). PP was defined as any treatment prior to first-line, excluding anthracycline and/or Rituximab. We performed propensity score matching (PSM) to control characteristics at diagnosis, reduce bias, and approximate a randomized trial. Results. Three hundred and forty patients received first-line treatment in 17 hospital centers: 126 (37%) with prephase and 214 (63%) without prephase (NPP). After PSM, 97 patients remained in each group without significant difference in characteristics at diagnosis; matched PP patients had a 2-year OS of 71% (vs. 77%, = 0.32), a 2-year PFS of 61% (vs. 74%, = 0.12), and 26% grade III-IV toxicities (vs. 27%, = 0.75). No tumour lysis syndrome was reported. PP nonsignificantly decreases grade III-IV toxicities for patients with high tumour load ( = 0.82) or elderly patients ( = 0.81). Conclusion. PP treatment does not affect survival nor does it reduce therapy-related toxicities even for patients with high tumour load or elderly patients. Further studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PP.
Impact of Early Chemotherapy Resumption on the Outcome after Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia in Patients with Solid Tumors: A Retrospective Study in a Single Tertiary Cancer Center in Japan
Objective. Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) in patients with solid tumors poses a dilemma between infection control and cancer treatment. We aimed to explore whether early resumption of chemotherapy yielded unfavorable outcomes in oncologic patients with SAB. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed patients who received chemotherapy within 90 days of SAB onset from 2011 to 2020. We divided patients who resumed chemotherapy into two groups by the median time from the negative blood culture to the chemotherapy resumption. We investigated the association with treatment failure, which included recurrence after completion of SAB treatment, relapse during antibiotics therapy, 90-day all-cause mortality after initiation of antibiotics, and 30-day all-cause mortality after the resumption of chemotherapy. Results. Among the 78 eligible patients, 36 patients resumed chemotherapy. The median interval to the chemotherapy resumption was 17.5 days. Two patients in the early resumption group and one in the late resumption group died within 90 days after initiating antibiotics. One patient in the early resumption group experienced SAB recurrence. None of the patients experienced SAB relapse or died within 30 days of resuming chemotherapy. Conclusion. Early resumption of chemotherapy may not be directly associated with unfavorable outcomes in oncological patients with SAB under appropriate infection management.
Pharmacotherapy Considerations in Antiemetic Prophylaxis for Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting
Objectives. Although several guidelines are available aiming for optimal chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) control, there still remain critical therapeutic challenges: (i) recommendations are mainly drug-based, not protocol-based; (ii) the risk of antiemetics-related interactions is not highlighted; (iii) the emetogenicity of a regimen may vary over the cycle; and (iv) the impact of the underlying malignancy is overlooked. Apparently, the existing approach seems not to be generally efficient and puts patients at risk of insufficient use of antiemetics as well as poor emesis control. Evidence Acquisition. This study has re-evaluated the emetogenicity of chemotherapy regimens based on administered medications on each day, drug-drug interactions, combination therapy, and delayed CINV. Results. A literature review was done to re-evaluate the emetogenicity of the commonly accepted chemotherapy regimens based on administered medications on each day, drug interactions, combination therapy, and delayed CINV. Conclusion. The revised CINV prophylaxis protocols with sorted recommendations for hematologic malignancies and solid tumors have been represented, with respect to the availability of prophylactic medications.
Development and Content Validation of a Brief French Tool for Self-Assessment of Supportive and Palliative Care Needs in Patients with Cancer: The ACCOmPAgNE Tool
Objective. This study aimed to develop and perform a content validation of a brief French tool for self-assessment of supportive and palliative care needs in patients with cancer, using four different approaches: issue’s importance, problem intensity, problem burden, and expressed need for help. Methods. Items, questions, and response scales were based on a literature review and discussions within a multidisciplinary scientific committee. A panel of experts evaluated the relevance, comprehensiveness, and comprehensibility of each item and question using the Delphi method. These properties were also assessed through cognitive debriefing interviews with cancer patients. Results. Eleven domains were selected from the literature review: physical, role, social, psychological, patient care and support, healthcare, information, financial, activities of daily living, spirituality, and sexuality. A scientific committee created 15 items and five questions. Two Delphi rounds were required to reach a consensus among the 29 experts on a pilot version. Twenty-three cancer patients were involved in the cognitive debriefing interviews. All items and questions were considered as relevant. Acceptability was good, and four items were reformulated based on patients’ comments. Conclusion. This brief French tool has a very good content validity and can be used in clinical practice.
Availability and Utilization of Psychosocial Services for Breast Cancer Patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Mixed Method Study
The provision of psychosocial services has a substantial impact on cancer care by reducing emotional distress and improving both the quality of life and survival of patients, but the availability and utilization of such services have not been well studied in developing countries, particularly, Ethiopia. Therefore, we explored the types of psychosocial services available for breast cancer patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A mixed method study was conducted using a cross-sectional survey involving 428 breast cancer patients, followed by a qualitative study. A total of nine in-depth interviews (IDIs) were conducted with four breast cancer patients and five key informants using two separate interview guides. In addition to descriptive statistics, logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with the provision of psychosocial services. Thematic analysis was used for the qualitative data, using NVivo 12 plus software. Only 47 (11.1%) patients received psychosocial services in the form of counselling, emotional support, or information provision. Health professionals reportedly provided such services along with their routine activities, and patients predominantly received social/emotional support from family members, friends, and colleagues. There were no well-structured counselling services, emotional support, or group discussion sessions for breast cancer patients in these health facilities. The main reasons for not providing these services were high patient flow/workload, inadequate space, lack of training, and not having qualified professionals to organise and deliver psychosocial services in these hospitals. Only one in ten breast cancer patients received psychosocial services from health professionals, and the services were not delivered in a structured way. Therefore, psychosocial services should be integrated in both private and government health facilities in Ethiopia.
Satisfaction of Cancer Patients Treated with Oral Anticancer Medications regarding Dispensing by Community Pharmacists: A Cross-Sectional Study
Purpose. The growing choice of oral anticancer medications (OAMs) delivered in pharmacies puts the patients at the center of their own therapeutic management. Patient satisfaction regarding their pharmaceutical management is particularly important for adherence to their treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the satisfaction of patients treated with OAMs regarding their dispensing in community pharmacies. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a self-questionnaire proposed to patients in hospital centers and community pharmacies. The patient’s satisfaction regarding pharmacy dispensing was assessed with a visual analogue scale. Answers to questions about the quality of information they received from health professionals were recorded. The patient’s adherence to their medication was assessed with the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8). Symptoms and quality of life were recorded with the QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Results. Ninety-one patients were included in the analysis. The median score of satisfaction was 89 (interquartile range: 68, 100), and 49.5% had a satisfaction score ≥90/100. Satisfaction scores were higher for patients reporting information from pharmacists for the method of administration, the management of adverse effects, and drug interactions than for patients reporting no information from pharmacists. Patient satisfaction was not related to MMAS-8 scores, symptoms, or quality of life. Multivariate analysis of patient satisfaction revealed a positive relationship with information on the administration method provided by pharmacists. Conclusions. The level of information provided on OAMs to patients should be the same between pharmacists and oncologists. Good medication dispensing practices by the pharmacist are important components of patient care and satisfaction. We encourage pharmacists to provide more medication information to their patients.