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Emergency Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 161375, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/161375
Review Article

The Emergency Management and Treatment of Severe Burns

Division of Emergency Medicine, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town 7505, South Africa

Received 18 February 2011; Accepted 10 May 2011

Academic Editor: Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos

Copyright © 2011 Melanie Stander and Lee Alan Wallis. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Burn injuries continue to cause morbidity and mortality internationally. Despite international collaborations and preventative measures, there are still many cases reported in high- and low-income countries. The treatment of these patients is often protracted and requires extensive resources. The adequate resuscitation of these patients coupled with meticulous wound care can have a huge impact on their outcome. The authors present a simple guideline for the initial management of severe burns which is utilised by the South African Burn Society and is based on the guidelines of the American Burn Association and the Australian and New Zealand Burn Association.