Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Emergency Medicine International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 545023, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/545023
Clinical Study

“Wait and See” Approach to the Emergency Department Cardioversion of Acute Atrial Fibrillation

Emergency Department, North West Regional Hospital, and Rural Clinical School, University of Tasmania, Burnie TAS 7320, Australia

Received 10 August 2011; Accepted 24 September 2011

Academic Editor: Chee-Fah Chong

Copyright © 2011 Brian Doyle and Mark Reeves. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Del Arco, A. Martín, P. Laguna, and P. Gargantilla, “Analysis of current management of atrial fibrillation in the acute setting: GEFAUR-1 study,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 424–430, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. I. G. Stiell, C. M. Clement, R. J. Brison et al., “Variation in management of recent-onset atrial fibrillation and flutter among academic hospital emergency departments,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 13–21, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. D. M. Taylor, A. Aggarwal, M. Carter, D. Garewal, and D. Hunt, “Management of new onset atrial fibrillation in previously well patients less than 60 years of age,” Emergency Medicine Australasia, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 4–10, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. A. Michael, I. G. Stiell, S. Agarwal, and D. P. Mandavia, “Cardioversion of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in the emergency department,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 379–387, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. H. Burton, D. R. Vinson, K. Drummond, T. D. Strout, H. C. Thode, and J. J. McInturff, “Electrical cardioversion of emergency department patients with atrial fibrillation,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 20–30, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. K. Lo, D. M. Fatovich, and A. D. Haig, “Biphasic cardioversion of acute atrial fibrillation in the emergency department,” Emergency Medicine Journal, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 51–53, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. I. G. Stiell, C. M. Clement, C. Symington, J. J. Perry, C. Vaillancourt, and G. A. Wells, “Emergency department use of intravenous procainamide for patients with acute atrial fibrillation or flutter,” Academic Emergency Medicine, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1158–1164, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. F. X. Scheuermeyer, E. Grafstein, R. Stenstrom, G. Innes, I. Poureslami, and M. Sighary, “Thirty-day outcomes of emergency department patients undergoing electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation or flutter,” Academic Emergency Medicine, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 408–415, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  9. B. O. Koenig, M. A. Ross, and R. E. Jackson, “An emergency department observation unit protocol for acute-onset atrial fibrillation is feasible,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 374–381, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. W. Decker, P. A. Smars, L. Vaidyanathan et al., “A prospective, randomized trial of an emergency department observation unit for acute onset atrial fibrillation,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 322–328, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  11. V. Fuster, L. E. Rydén, D. S. Cannom et al., “2011 ACCF/AHA/HRS focused updates incorporated into the ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines,” Circulation, vol. 123, no. 10, pp. e269–e367, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. I. G. Stiell and D. Birnie, “Managing recent-onset atrial fibrillation in the emergency department,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 31–32, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. W. W. Decker and L. G. Stead, “Selecting rate control for recent-onset atrial fibrillation,” Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 32–33, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. P. G. Danias, T. A. Caulfield, M. J. Weigner, D. I. Silverman, and W. J. Manning, “Likelihood of spontaneous conversion of atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 588–592, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. D. G. Wyse, A. L. Waldo, J. P. DiMarco et al., “A comparison of rate control and rhythm control in patients with atrial fibrillation,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 347, no. 23, pp. 1825–1833, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  16. I. C. Van Gelder, V. E. Hagens, H. A. Bosker et al., “A comparison of rate control and rhythm control in patients with recurrent persistent atrial fibrillation,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 347, no. 23, pp. 1834–1840, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  17. R. L. Page, “Newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 351, no. 23, pp. 2408–2465, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  18. G. Cotter, A. Blatt, E. Kaluski et al., “Conversion of recent onset paroxysmal atrial fibrillation to normal sinus rhythm: the effect of no treatment and high-dose amiodarone. A randomized, placebo-controlled study,” European Heart Journal, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 1833–1842, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  19. A. Capucci, G. Boriani, I. Rubino, S. Della Casa, M. Sanguinetti, and B. Magnani, “A controlled study on oral propafenone versus digoxin plus quinidine in converting recent onset atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 305–313, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. Boriani, M. Biffi, A. Capucci et al., “Conversion of recent-onset Atrial Fibrillation to sinus rhythm: effects of different drug protocols,” Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2470–2474, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Capucci, T. Lenzi, G. Boriani et al., “Effectiveness of loading oral flecainide for converting recent-onset atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm in patients without organic heart disease or with only systemic hypertension,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 69–72, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus