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Emergency Medicine International
Volume 2013, Article ID 760205, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/760205
Research Article

Roles of Motorcycle Type and Protective Clothing in Motorcycle Crash Injuries

1Department of Emergency Medicine, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, 34710 Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Bezmialem University Hospital, 34098 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 2 August 2013; Accepted 1 October 2013

Academic Editor: Harold K. Simon

Copyright © 2013 Mehmet Ozgür Erdogan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The aims of this study were to identify subgroups of motorcyclists with a higher accident risk and evaluate the efficiency of protective clothing for preventing injuries. Methods. A 1-year prospective study of motorcycle crashes was conducted beginning in June 2012. Participants were patients involved in motorcycle crashes and admitted to our emergency department. Results. A total of 226 patients were included in the study. In total, 174 patients were involved in crashes with light motorcycles. Patients involved in a motorcycle accident without a helmet had a higher incidence of head and maxillofacial trauma. Motorcycle jackets were not protective for systemic injuries ( ) or upper extremity fractures ( ). Motorcycle pants ( ) and motorcycle shoes ( ) were not protective against leg and foot fractures. However, motorcycle protective clothes were protective against soft-tissue injuries ( ). Conclusion. Riders of heavy motorcycles rode more safely than riders of light motorcycles. Light motorcycle riders were the most vulnerable and comprised the largest percentage of motorcyclists. Helmets may be effective for preventing head and facial injuries. Other protective clothes were not effective against fractures or systemic injuries.