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Enzyme Research
Volume 2012, Article ID 138634, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/138634
Research Article

Production, Purification, and Characterization of Polygalacturonase from Rhizomucor pusillus Isolated from Decomposting Orange Peels

1Department of Biotechnology, Kumaun University, Campus Bhimtal, Nainital 263136, India
2Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research, Nainital, Haldwani 263139, India

Received 11 August 2012; Revised 19 September 2012; Accepted 21 September 2012

Academic Editor: Denise M. Guimarães Freire

Copyright © 2012 Mohd. Asif Siddiqui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A thermophilic fungal strain producing polygalacturonase was isolated after primary screening of 40 different isolates. The fungus was identified as Rhizomucor pusilis by Microbial Type Culture Collection (MTCC), Chandigarh, India. An extracellular polygalacturonase (PGase) from R. pusilis was purified to homogeneity by two chromatographic steps using Sephadex G-200 and Sephacryl S-100. The purified enzyme was a monomer with a molecular weight of 32 kDa. The PGase was optimally active at 55°C and at pH 5.0. It was stable up to 50°C for 120 min of incubation and pH condition between 4.0 and 5.0. The stability of PGase decreases rapidly above 60°C and above pH 5.0. The apparent and values were 0.22 mg/mL and 4.34 U/mL, respectively. It was the first time that a polygalacturonase enzyme was purified in this species. It would be worthwhile to exploit this strain for polygalacturonase production. Polygalacturonase from this strain can be recommended for the commercial production because of its constitutive and less catabolically repressive nature, thermostability, wide range of pH, and lower properties. However, scale-up studies are needed for the better output for commercial production.