Enzyme Research

Enzyme Research / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Actinomycetes: A Source of Lignocellulolytic Enzymes

Table 1

Cellulase producing actinomycetes.

Actinomycete isolateCellulolytic enzyme Observed resultsReference

Streptomyces sp. β-glucosidasesSaccharification of rice straw[77]
Extracellular cellulasesZone of hydrolysis in plate assay method[109, 130]
EndoglucanasesEnzyme production[131]
CellulasesAid in composting[132]
Streptomyces sp.strain AT7Carboxymethylcellulose (Cx) and Avicelase (C1) enzymeProduction of enzymes[133]
Streptomyces sp.strains M7a and M7b, F2621, LIPIMC-A-194, LIPIMC-A-251, and LIPIMC-A-278Endoglucanases/CMCase (carboxymethylcellulose)CMCase production [76, 134, 135]
Streptomyces sp.T3-1Scale-up of enzyme production [136]
Streptomyces sp.S7Enzyme production using fruit waste[137]

Streptomyces albogriseolus,
Streptomyces nitrosporeus
β-glucosidase, endoglucanase, and avicelaseOptimization studies for production of cellulases [110]

Streptomyces lividansCellulasesEnzyme characterization
Enzyme production optimization

Streptomyces flavogriseus
Streptomyces nitrosporus
CellulasesOptimization of enzyme production[138]

Streptomyces albaduncusExoglucanase, β-glucosidase, and endoglucanaseCatabolite repression studies
Characterization of enzyme

Streptomyces reticuliAvicelaseGene expression studies [68]

Streptomyces cellulolyticusExtracellular cellulasesCellulose decomposition[141]

Streptomyces drozdowicziiEndoglucanaseSuccessful application in detergent and textile processing [142]

Streptomyces malachitofuscus, 
Streptomyces glomeratus, and
Streptomyces stramineus
Extracellular cellulasesZone of hydrolysis in plate assay method [109]

Streptomyces gancidicusExtracellular cellulase, CMCase/endoglucanaseZone of hydrolysis in plate assay method[109, 143]

Streptomyces actuosusEndoglucanaseOptimization of CMCase production[144]

Streptomyces bobili LIPIMC-A-283, 
Streptomyces olivochromogenes LIPIMC-A-247
CMCase/endoglucanaseCMCase production[135]

Streptomyces globosus, 
Streptomyces alanosinicus,
CMCase/endoglucanaseZone of hydrolysis in plate assay method [143]
Streptomyces ruberOptimization studies

Streptomyces viridobrunneus SCPE-09EndoglucanaseEnzyme production from agroindustrial residues[145]

Streptomyces viridiochromogenesAvicelase, CMCase, and total cellulaseSaccharification of rice straw and ethanol production[146]

Streptomyces albospinusExtracellular cellulasesDegradation of cellulosic materials[147]

Streptomyces griseorubensCellulasesEnzyme production optimization[148]

Streptomyces matensisEndoglucanase and exoglucanase Enzyme production optimization[149]

Streptomyces longispororuberCarboxymethylcelluloseProduction and purification of enzyme[150]

Cellulomonas fmiCellulase Activity observed,[151]
FPase (total cellulases)saccharification of rice straw and ethanol production,
and optimization of enzyme production using wheat straw

Cellulomonas fimi
Cellulomonas sp.
Cellulomonas sp. (strains ATCC21399 and JHHY35) CMCase, FPaseCMC depolymerisation and filter paper disintegration[154]
Cellulomonas cartae
Cellulomonas cellulase
Cellulomonas cellulase
Cellulomonas flavigena
Cellulomonas subalbusDegradation of flax, sisal, and cotton fibres
Cellulomonas uda
Cellulomonas biazotea
Cellulomonas gelida[155]

Cellulomonas biazoteaFPase, endo-β-glucanase and β-glucosidase
endo- and exoglucanases, and cellobiases
Enzyme production using cellulosic substrates
Cellulosic biohydrogen production

Cellulomonas cellulansCMCaseDegradation of flax, sisal, and cotton fibres[155]
Cellulomonas cellulans NRRL B 4567 Study of substrate inhibition kinetics[158]
Cellulomonas Endoglucanase/CMCaseEnzyme production using cassava bagasse[159]
cellulansIsolation from silver fish and cellulase characterization[160]

Intrasporangium, Saccharopolyspora,
Streptosporangium, Rhodococcus, Saccharomonospora, and Nocardia
Extracellular cellulaseZone of hydrolysis in plate assay method[130]

Micromonosporaβ-glucosidaseSaccharification of rice straw[77]
Micromonospora chalceaβ-glucosidase and CMCaseDemonstration of activity[161]
Enzyme production[162]

Microbispora bispora
Microbispora sp.
Micromonospora melanosporea
Microbispora bispora
β-glucosidase, endoglucanase & Avicelase
Saccharification of rice straw
Help in composting
Optimization of cellulase production
Enzyme production

Thermomonospora sp. β-glucosidaseSaccharification of rice straw[77]
CMCaseEnzyme production, purification, and characterization[164]
Thermomonospora curvataExtracellular cellulaseProduction and partial purification of enzyme[165]

Actinoplanes minutisporangius LIPIMC-A-269 and 279CMCase/endoglucanaseCMCase production[137]

Streptoverticillium morookaense, 
Nocardiopsis aegyptia
CMCase/endoglucanaseZone of hydrolysis in plate assay method [143]

Pseudonocardia thermophilaβ-glucosidase and CMCaseActivities demonstrated[161]

Actinopolyspora  halophilaCMCase and β-glucosidase Detection of activity [166]

Thermoactinomyces sp.Endoglucanase, β-glucosidase, and avicelaseDegradation of microcrystalline cellulose[167]

Thermoactinomyces sp.strain TA3Extracellular cellulaseHigh efficiency and bioactivity observed during compositing[168]