Table of Contents
Epidemiology Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 651619, 6 pages
Research Article

Assessment of the Knowledge of Poultry Farmers and Live Poultry Sellers to Preventive and Control Measures on Bird Flu, Benin City, Nigeria

1Department of Community Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
2National Veterinary Research Institute, Livestock Investigation Department, Poultry Division, Vom, Nigeria
3Department of Microbiology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Received 21 July 2013; Revised 29 October 2013; Accepted 31 October 2013; Published 19 January 2014

Academic Editor: M. L. Wilson

Copyright © 2014 V. Y. Adam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Investigated was the knowledge of preventive measures of avian influenza from farmers, live chicken sellers, and poultry veterinarian in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study using standardized questionnaire was conducted. Respondents included 236 poultry farmers, live chicken sellers (LCS), and veterinarian aged 12–70 years in contact with birds through husbandry. The study duration was from October 2010 to May 2011. Participants knowledge on transmission sources showed low understanding with highest being from bird-bird (57.3%). The medium most commonly utilized was electronic media (82.5%) as information source. Respondents thought that vaccination of birds (80.6%) would prevent infection. Farmers’ education on bird flu needs to be improved through veterinary public health and health promotion approach. Nonpharmaceutical preventive measures such as hand washing freely and avoidance of eye, nose, and mouth touching must be improved.