Epidemiology Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Blindness Registers as Epidemiological Tools for Public Health Planning: A Case Study in Belize

Table 2

Causes of registration for blindness and low vision rehabilitation by the Belize Council for the Visually Impaired (BCVI) based on data from all actively registered individuals () as of December 31, 2009.

Cataract
Number (%)
Glaucoma
Number (%)
Diabetic retinopathy
Number (%)
Childhood blindnessa
Number (%)
Age-related macular degeneration
Number (%)
Uncorrected refractive error
Number (%)
Otherb
Number (%)
Totalc
Number (%)

Overall 472 (39.6)248 (20.8)121 (10.2)112 (9.4)14 (1.2)7 (0.6)217 (18.2)1191 (100)
Gender
 Male 232 (39.9)135 (23.2)36 (6.2)58 (10.0)4 (0.7)2 (0.3)115 (19.8)582 (100)
 Female 240 (39.4)113 (18.6)85 (14.0)54 (8.9)10 (1.6)5 (0.8)102 (16.8)610 (100)
Age at
registration
 0–4 4 (4.1)10 (10.2)0 (0)64 (65.3)0 (0)0 (0)20 (20.4)98 (100)
 5–15 8 (8.8)9 (9.9)2 (2.2)41 (45.1)1 (1.1)4 (4.4)26 (28.6)91 (100)
 16–39 18 (16.4)15 (13.6)15 (13.6)6 (5.5)0 (0)2 (1.8)54 (49.1)110 (100)
 40–49 44 (35.5)34 (27.4)18 (14.5)0 (0)1 (0.8)0 (0)27 (21.8)124 (100)
 50+ 398 (51.9)180 (23.5)85 (11.1)1 (0.1)12 (1.6)1 (0.1)90 (11.7)767 (100)
District of
residence
 Belize 142 (33.3)120 (28.2)50 (11.7)35 (8.2)9 (2.1)1 (0.2)69 (16.2)426 (100)
 Cayo80 (41.0)31 (15.9)18 (9.2)19 (9.7)0 (0)0 (0)47 (24.1)195 (100)
 Corozal67 (51.9)15 (11.6)18 (14.0)13 (10.1)0 (0)0 (0)16 (12.4)129 (100)
 Orange Walk 69 (39.2)37 (21.0)16 (9.1)15 (8.5)1 (0.6)4 (2.3)34 (19.3)176 (100)
 Stann Creek 23 (19.8)30 (25.9)17 (14.7)15 (12.9)2 (1.7)2 (1.7)27 (23.3)116 (100)
 Toledo 91 (61.1)15 (10.1)2 (1.3)15 (10.1)2 (1.3)0 (0)24 (16.1)149 (100)

“Childhood blindness” includes congenital cataract, congenital glaucoma, retinopathy of prematurity, and any entity designed as “corneal” or “retinal” in those under the age of 15.
bThe “other” designation includes trauma, tumor, uveitis, retinal detachment, retinitis pigmentosa, and other corneal and retinal pathologies in individuals over the age of 15.
cTotals do not match the overall total study population number due to missing data.

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