Table of Contents
Epidemiology Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 861461, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/861461
Research Article

The Mississippi Delta Cardiovascular Health Examination Survey: Study Design and Methods

1Mississippi State Department of Health, 570 East Woodrow Wilson, Osborne-429B, Jackson, MS 39215, USA
2Office of Preventive Health, Mississippi State Department of Health, 522 West Park Avenue, Suite P, Greenwood, MS 38930, USA
3Office of Preventive Health, Mississippi State Department of Health, 570 East Woodrow Wilson, Osborne-429B, Jackson, MS 39215, USA
4Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA

Received 9 October 2013; Accepted 7 January 2014; Published 13 February 2014

Academic Editor: Jaume Marrugat

Copyright © 2014 Vanessa L. Short et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Assessment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality in subnational areas is limited. A model for regional CVD surveillance is needed, particularly among vulnerable populations underrepresented in current monitoring systems. The Mississippi Delta Cardiovascular Health Examination Survey (CHES) is a population-based, cross-sectional study on a representative sample of adults living in the 18-county Mississippi Delta region, a rural, impoverished area with high rates of poor health outcomes and marked health disparities. The primary objectives of Delta CHES are to (1) determine the prevalence and distribution of CVD and CVD risk factors using self-reported and directly measured health metrics and (2) to assess environmental perceptions and existing policies that support or deter healthy choices. An address-based sampling frame is used for household enumeration and participant recruitment and an in-home data collection model is used to collect survey data, anthropometric measures, and blood samples from participants. Data from all sources will be merged into one analytic dataset and sample weights developed to ensure data are representative of the Mississippi Delta region adult population. Information gathered will be used to assess the burden of CVD and guide the development, implementation, and evaluation of cardiovascular health promotion and risk factor control strategies.