Table of Contents
Epidemiology Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 942961, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/942961
Research Article

Foodborne Infections and Intoxications in Hyderabad India

1Food and Drug Toxicology Research Center, National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Jamai-Osmania, Tarnaka, Hyderabad 500007, India
2Statistical Division, National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Hyderabad 500007, India

Received 22 October 2013; Revised 23 December 2013; Accepted 6 January 2014; Published 13 February 2014

Academic Editor: Suminori Kono

Copyright © 2014 R. V. Sudershan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Foodborne diseases are one of the health hazards and causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In India there are no systematic studies to understand the types of foods involved and the etiological agent causing the disease. Therefore, a pilot study was proposed to investigate the food poisoning cases, undertaken by the Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical Diseases, which is a referral hospital for foodborne diseases in Hyderabad. Food and stool/rectal swabs of the patients affected were collected for microbiological examination. Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were used to express the statistical significance of the differences. Epidemiological, environmental, and laboratory components indicated that Staphylococcus aureus was the etiological agent in most of the cases and in one case Salmonella spp. were the main cause of food poisoning. This study indicated the need to take up foodborne disease surveillance under the Indian context and to identify the common high-risk food commodities for microbial contamination and identification.