Table of Contents
Epilepsy Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 769825, 17 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/769825
Review Article

Microsurgical Anatomy of the Temporal Lobe and Its Implications on Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Surgery

1Department of Neurosurgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
2Epilepsy Surgery Program, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburg, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
3Division of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, 01232-010 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
4Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Received 30 November 2011; Revised 6 February 2012; Accepted 7 February 2012

Academic Editor: Seyed M. Mirsattari

Copyright © 2012 Baris Kucukyuruk et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. T. Wen, A. L. Rhoton Jr., E. De Oliveira et al., “Microsurgical anatomy of the temporal lobe: part 1: mesial temporal lobe anatomy and its vascular relationships as applied to amygdalohippocampectomy,” Neurosurgery, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 549–592, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Ono, S. Kubik, and C. D. Abernathey, Atlas of the Cerebral Sulci, Thieme, Stuttgart, Germany, 1990.
  3. H. T. Wen, A. L. Rhoton Jr., E. De Oliveira, L. H. M. Castro, E. G. Figueiredo, and M. J. Teixeira, “Microsurgical anatomy of the temporal lobe: part 2-sylvian fissure region and its clinical application,” Neurosurgery, vol. 65, no. 6, supplement, pp. ons1–ons35, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Tanriover, A. L. Rhoton Jr., M. Kawashima, A. J. Ulm, and A. Yasuda, “Microsurgical anatomy of the insula and the sylvian fissure,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 891–922, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. T. Wen, A. L. Rhoton Jr., and R. Marino Jr., “Gray matter overlying anterior basal temporal sulci as an intraoperative landmark for locating the temporal horn in amygdalohippocampectomies,” Neurosurgery, vol. 59, no. 4, supplement 2, pp. 221–227, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. J. C. Fernández-Miranda, E. De Oliveira, P. A. Rubino, H. T. Wen, and A. L. Rhoton, “Microvascular anatomy of the medial temporal region: part 1: its application to arteriovenous malformation surgery,” Neurosurgery, vol. 67, no. 3, supplement 1, pp. ons237–ons276, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. T. Tanriverdi, R. W. R. Dudley, A. Hasan et al., “Memory outcome after temporal lobe epilepsy surgery: corticoamygdalohippocampectomy versus selective amygdalohippocampectomy,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 1164–1175, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Tanriverdi, A. Olivier, N. Poulin, F. Andermann, and F. Dubeau, “Long-term seizure outcome after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery: corticalamygdalohippocampectomy versus selective amygdalohippocampectomy,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 517–524, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. N. Yeni, N. Tanriover, O. Uyanik et al., “Visual field defects in selective amygdalohippocampectomy for hippocampal sclerosis: the fate of meyers loop during the transsylvian approach to the temporal horn,” Neurosurgery, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 507–513, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. G. Wieser and M. G. Yasargil, “Selective amygdalohippocampectomy as a surgical treatment of mesiobasal limbic epilepsy,” Surgical Neurology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 445–457, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. G. Yaşargil, N. Krayenbühl, P. Roth, S. P.C. Hsu, and D. C.H. Yaşargil, “The selective amygdalohippocampectomy for intractable temporal limbic seizures,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 168–185, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. P. A. Rubino, A. L. Rhoton Jr., X. Tong, and E. De Oliveira, “Three-dimensional relationships of the optic radiation,” Neurosurgery, vol. 57, no. 4, supplement, pp. S-219–S-227, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Choi, P. A. Rubino, J. C. Fernandez-Miranda, H. Abe, and A. L. Rhoton Jr., “Meyer's loop and the optic radiations in the transsylvian approach to the mediobasal temporal lobe,” Neurosurgery, vol. 59, no. 4, supplement 2, pp. 228–235, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. E. H. Sincoff, Y. Tan, and S. I. Abdulrauf, “White matter fiber dissection of the optic radiations of the temporal lobe and implications for surgical approaches to the temporal horn,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 101, no. 5, pp. 739–746, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. B. Mahaney and S. I. Abdulrauf, “Anatomic relationship of the optic radiations to the atrium of the lateral ventricle: description of a novel entry point to the trigone,” Neurosurgery, vol. 63, no. 4, supplement 2, pp. ONS195–ONS203, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. C. Fernández-Miranda, A. L. Rhoton Jr., Y. Kakizawa, C. Choi, and J. Álvarez-Linera, “The claustrum and its projection system in the human brain: a microsurgical and tractographic anatomical study - laboratory investigation,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 764–774, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. Duffau, P. Gatignol, S. Moritz-Gasser, and E. Mandonnet, “Is the left uncinate fasciculus essential for language? : aa cerebral stimulation study,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 256, no. 3, pp. 382–389, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Papagno, C. Miracapillo, A. Casarotti et al., “What is the role of the uncinate fasciculus? surgical removal and proper name retrieval,” Brain, vol. 134, no. 2, pp. 405–414, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. J. Grabowski, H. Damasio, D. Tranel, L. L. Boles Ponto, R. D. Hichwa, and A. R. Damasio, “A role for left temporal pole in the retrieval of words for unique entities,” Human Brain Mapping, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 199–212, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. M. Proverbio, S. Lilli, C. Semenza, and A. Zani, “Erp indexes of functional differences in brain activation during proper and common names retrieval,” Neuropsychologia, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 815–827, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Catani, R. J. Howard, S. Pajevic, and D. K. Jones, “Virtual in vivo interactive dissection of white matter fasciculi in the human brain,” Neuroimage, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 77–94, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. Cohen, S. Dehaene, L. Naccache et al., “The visual word form area. spatial and temporal characterization of an initial stage of reading in normal subjects and posterior split-brain patients,” Brain, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 291–307, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Catani, D. K. Jones, R. Donato, and D. H. Ffytche, “Occipito-temporal connections in the human brain,” Brain, vol. 126, no. 9, pp. 2093–2107, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. Makris, D. N. Kennedy, S. McInerney et al., “Segmentation of subcomponents within the superior longitudinal fascicle in humans: a quantitative, in vivo, dt-mri study,” Cerebral Cortex, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 854–869, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. C. Fernández-Miranda, A. L. Rhoton Jr., J. Álvarez-Linera, Y. Kakizawa, C. Choi, and E. P. De Oliveira, “Three-dimensional microsurgical and tractographic anatomy of the white matter of the human brain,” Neurosurgery, vol. 62, no. 6, supplement 3, pp. SHC989–SHC1026, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. M. Catani, D. K. Jones, and D. H. Ffytche, “Perisylvian language networks of the human brain,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 8–16, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. Hickok and D. Poeppel, “Towards a functional neuroanatomy of speech perception,” Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 131–138, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. Duffau, P. Gatignol, E. Mandonnet, P. Peruzzi, N. Tzourio-Mazoyer, and L. Capelle, “New insights into the anatomo-functional connectivity of the semantic system: a study using cortico-subcortical electrostimulations,” Brain, vol. 128, no. 4, pp. 797–810, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. Hickok and D. Poeppel, “Dorsal and ventral streams: a framework for understanding aspects of the functional anatomy of language,” Cognition, vol. 92, no. 1-2, pp. 67–99, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Martino, C. Brogna, S. G. Robles, F. Vergani, and H. Duffau, “Anatomic dissection of the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus revisited in the lights of brain stimulation data,” Cortex, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 691–699, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. Hickok and D. Poeppel, “The cortical organization of speech processing,” Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 393–402, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. U. Ebeling and D. Von Cramon, “Topography of the uncinate fascicle and adjacent temporal fiber tracts,” Acta Neurochirurgica, vol. 115, no. 3-4, pp. 143–148, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. Y. Choi, S. R. Han, G. T. Yee, and C. H. Lee, “A understanding of the temporal stem,” Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 365–369, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. L. Rhoton Jr., “The cerebrum,” Neurosurgery, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 1–51, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. L. Heimer, G. W. VanHoesen, M. Trimble et al., Anatomy of Neuropsychiatry The New Anatomy of the Basal Forebrain and Its Implications for Neuropsychiatric Illness, Elsevier, Burlington, Mass, USA, 2007.
  36. A. A. Zeal and A. L. Rhoton Jr., “Microsurgical anatomy of the posterior cerebral artery,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 534–559, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. L. Rhoton Jr., K. Fujii, and B. Fradd, “Microsurgical anatomy of the anterior choroidal artery,” Surgical Neurology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 171–187, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. N. Tanriover, M. Kawashima, A. L. Rhoton Jr., A. J. Ulm, and R. A. Mericle, “Microsurgical anatomy of the early branches of the middle cerebral artery: morphometric analysis and classification with angiographic correlation,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 98, no. 6, pp. 1277–1290, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. K. Oka, A. L. Rhoton Jr., M. Barry, and R. Rodriguez, “Microsurgical anatomy of the superficial veins of the cerebrum,” Neurosurgery, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 711–748, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. Ono, A. L. Rhoton Jr., D. Peace, and R. J. Rodriguez, “Microsurgical anatomy of the deep venous system of the brain,” Neurosurgery, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 621–657, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. T. Tanriverdi, H. Al-Jehani, N. Poulin, and A. Olivier, “Superficial anastomotic veins: neurosurgical view depending on 251 craniotomies,” Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 65–71, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. Y. P. Huang and B. S. Wolf, “The basal cerebral vein and its tributaries,” in Radiology of the Skull and Brain, T. H. Newton and D. G. Potts, Eds., pp. 2111–2154, CV Mosby, Saint Louis, Mo, USA, 1971. View at Google Scholar
  43. H. G. Wieser, M. Ortega, A. Friedman, and Y. Yonekawa, “Long-term seizure outcomes following amygdalohippocampectomy,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 98, no. 4, pp. 751–763, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. T. Lutz, H. Clusmann, C. E. Elger, J. Schramm, and C. Helmstaedter, “Neuropsychological outcome after selective amygdalohippocampectomy with transsylvian versus transcortical approach: a randomized prospective clinical trial of surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy,” Epilepsia, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 809–816, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. T. Hori, S. Tabuchi, M. Kurosaki et al., “Subtemporal amygdalohippocampectomy for treating medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy,” Neurosurgery, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 50–57, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. T. S. Park, B. F. D. Bourgeois, D. L. Silbergeld, and W. E. Dodson, “Subtemporal transparahippocampal amygdalohippocampectomy for surgical treatment of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: technical note,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 1172–1176, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. P. Vajkoczy, K. Krakow, S. Stodieck, B. Pohlmann-Eden, and P. Schmiedek, “Modified approach for the selective treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: transsylvian-transcisternal mesial en bloc resection,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 88, no. 5, pp. 855–862, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. A. Olivier, “Transcortical selective amygdalohippocampectomy in temporal lobe epilepsy,” Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, vol. 27, supplement 1, pp. S68–S76, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  49. J. Martino, F. Vergani, S. G. Robles, and H. Duffau, “New insights into the anatomic dissection of the temporal stem with special emphasis on the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus: implications in surgical approach to left mesiotemporal and temporoinsular structures,” Neurosurgery, vol. 66, no. 3, supplement, pp. 4–12, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus