Epilepsy Research and Treatment / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Assessing Systems of Care for US Children with Epilepsy/Seizure Disorder

Table 1

Estimated frequency/prevalence of parent-reported current and lifetime epilepsy/seizure disorder among children with special health care needs; adjusted models of the association between having a current or lifetime parent-reported epilepsy/seizure disorder diagnosis as a function of selected sociodemographic characteristics among CSHCN: National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, USA, 2009-2010.

Sociodemographic characteristicCurrent epilepsy/seizure disorder (CE/SD)Lifetime epilepsy/seizure disorder (LE/SD)
Unweighted N Estimated frequency of CE/SD among CSHCNaPrevalence of CE/SD among US CSHCN, per 1,000Adjusted model
for having CE/SD among
AOR (95% CI)
Estimated frequency of LE/SD among CSHCNaPrevalence of LE/SD among US CSHCN, per 1,000Adjusted model for having LE/SD among US CSHCN
AOR (95% CI)

  Non-Hispanic white82718829reference124028744Reference
  Non-Hispanic black14767371.13 (0.72–1.76)20592511.00 (0.74–1.37)
  Hispanic14659320.96 (0.68–1.36)246105571.03 (0.73–1.46)
  Non-Hispanic other1073137 1.21 (0.81–1.80)17953631.36 (0.99–1.88)
Age (Yrs)
  6–11467131310.95 (0.70–1.30)706203470.99 (0.78–1.28)
  12–17519138310.99 (0.77–1.27)816220491.07 (0.86–1.34)
  Male709202310.97 (0.78–1.22)1,109324491.04 (0.87–1.23)
Income (FPL)b
  101–200%25388360.86 (0.54–1.36)402128530.82 (0.58–1.14)
  201–400%35682260.63 (0.440.90)535139440.71 (0.530.94)
  400+% 32175240.61 (0.410.89)475109360.59 (0.430.80)
  Less than high school713327reference1286553Reference
  High school22396431.80 (1.093.00)337142641.45 (0.99–2.12)
  More than high school932217281.45 (0.91–2.32)1,406331431.20 (0.84–1.71)
  Large metro71424231reference1,10337348Reference
  Medium/small metro11127260.84 (0.60–1.16)15836350.74 (0.560.98)
  Urban nonmetro18239341.03 (0.76–1.39)28264561.12 (0.86–1.47)
  Urban small town10824361.06 (0.74–1.53)16238561.12 (0.83–1.50)
  Rural10713280.83 (0.56–1.22)15824511.01 (0.71–1.44)
Household language
  Spanish4323371.15 (0.63–2.09)9049781.53 (0.97–2.42)
  Other146471.45 (0.68–3.13)2110851.72 (0.78–3.79)

CSHCN: children with special health care needs; CE/SD: current seizure disorder; LE/SD: lifetime seizure disorder; AOR: adjusted odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; FPL: federal poverty level.
Frequencies are expressed in thousands. Population estimates for each category may not equal the total because of rounding error and missing values.
Data are based on the US Department of Health and Human Services poverty guidelines. For households surveyed in 2009 and 2010, 100% of poverty level was defined as $22,050 for a family of 4.
Each model is adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, gender, income, highest level of education in the household, urbanicity, and household language. Significant findings are shown in bold P > 0.05. Multiple logistic regression was used to derive adjusted odds ratios (AOR).

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