Table of Contents
Epilepsy Research and Treatment
Volume 2016, Article ID 5362806, 6 pages
Research Article

Relation of Perceived Stigma to Adverse Events of Medications in Patients with Epilepsy

Department of Neurology, University of Medicine, 15A Vassil Aprilov Street, 4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Received 24 September 2015; Revised 2 February 2016; Accepted 21 February 2016

Academic Editor: Roy G. Beran

Copyright © 2016 Ekaterina Viteva. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Purpose. We aimed to assess the influence of adverse events (AEs) of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on perceived stigma of Bulgarian patients with epilepsy. Methods. Our study was based on questionnaires (Liverpool Adverse Events Profile (LAEP) and stigma scale), information from medical documentation, and an interview on clinical factors of 153 consecutive patients with epilepsy. Results. Perceived stigma was observed in 64.71% of the study participants. There was a significant association between perceived stigma and the total LAEP score (, ). Patients who reported AEs had an increased risk of perceiving stigma compared to those who did not experience AEs. A significant correlation between perceived stigma and the presence of neurological and psychiatric AEs (, ) and a mild correlation between perceived stigma and the presence of nonneurological AEs (, ) were verified. In a multivariate regression analysis the only predictors of perceived stigma were AED polytherapy and the presence of neurological and psychiatric AEs. Conclusions. AEs of AEDs in patients with epilepsy significantly correlate with perceived stigma. Our study results will be useful in the campaign to overcome stigma predictors.