Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Geofluids
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6126505, 25 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6126505
Review Article

Worldwide Status of CCUS Technologies and Their Development and Challenges in China

H. J. Liu,1 P. Were,2 Q. Li,3 Y. Gou,2,4 and Z. Hou2,4,5

1INRS-ETE, Universite du Québec, Québec, QC, Canada
2Energie-Forschungszentrum Niedersachsen, Clausthal University of Technology, Goslar, Germany
3State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
4Sino-German Energy Research Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
5Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Y. Gou; ed.nzfe@uog.gnay and Z. Hou; ed.lahtsualc-ut@uoh

Received 19 February 2017; Revised 12 May 2017; Accepted 20 June 2017; Published 28 August 2017

Academic Editor: Weon Shik Han

Copyright © 2017 H. J. Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Best and E. Levina, “Facing the development of coal in China in the future-prospects and challenges of CO2 capture and sequestration technologies,” OECD/IEA2012, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  2. H. Liu and K. S. Gallagher, “Driving Carbon Capture and Storage forward in China,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-9, pp. 3877–3884, November 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Q. Li, Y.-N. Wei, and Y. Dong, “Coupling analysis of China’s urbanization and carbon emissions: example from Hubei Province,” Natural Hazards, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 1333–1348, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. J. Zheng, F. K. Duan, H. Su et al., “Exploring the severe winter haze in Beijing: the impact of synoptic weather, regional transport and heterogeneous reactions,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 2969–2983, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Cai, W. Yang, D. Cao, L. Liu, Y. Zhou, and Z. Zhang, “Estimates of China's national and regional transport sector CO 2 emissions in 2007,” Energy Policy, vol. 41, pp. 474–483, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Cai and L. Zhang, “Urban CO2 emissions in China: Spatial boundary and performance comparison,” Energy Policy, vol. 66, pp. 557–567, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Xie, X. Li, Z. Fang et al., “Carbon geological utilization and storage in China: Current status and perspectives,” Acta Geotechnica, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 7–27, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Z. Liu, “Chinas carbon emissions Report 2015,” in Proceedings of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, pp. 1–15, Harvard Kennedy School, 2015.
  9. X. Li, N. Wei, Y. Liu, Z. Fang, R. T. Dahowski, and C. L. Davidson, “CO2 point emission and geological storage capacity in China,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-9, pp. 2793–2800, November 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Q. Li, J.-T. Zhang, L. Jia et al., “How to "capture the future by utilization of the past" in the coming revision of China CO2 technology roadmap?” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2014, pp. 6912–6916, October 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. ACCA21-The Administrative Center for China's Agenda 21., A report on CO2 utilization technologies assessment in China, Science Press, Beijing, China, 2015.
  12. IPCC., “IPCC special report on CO2 capture and storage,” pp. 1–431, Cambridge University Press, London, UK, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  13. S. Sun, “Geological issues related with CO2 geological storage and its meaning on mitigating the climate change,” China Basic Science, vol. 3, pp. 17–22, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  14. CSLF., “Estimation of CO2 storage capacity in geological media,” pp. 1–43, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  15. “Carbon sequestration Atlas of United States and Canada,” pp. 1–88, USDOE (U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy), 2007.
  16. S. S. Xu and S. W. Gao, “CO2 capture from the coal-fired power station and storage technology,” Shanghai Energy Conservation, vol. 9, pp. 8–13, 2009 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  17. M. Bai, K. Song, Y. Li, J. Sun, and K. M. Reinicke, “Development of a novel method to evaluate well integrity during CO2 underground storage,” SPE Journal, vol. 20, pp. 628–641, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  18. M. Bai, J. Sun, K. Song, L. Li, and Z. Qiao, “Well completion and integrity evaluation for CO2 injection wells,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 45, pp. 556–564, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Bai, J. Sun, K. Song, K. M. Reinicke, and C. Teodoriu, “Evaluation of mechanical well integrity during CO2 underground storage,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 73, no. 11, article no. 7, pp. 6815–6825, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. ACCA21-The Administrative Center for China’s Agenda 21, Center for Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology (CFHEG), CGS, “Guidance for site selection of CO2 geological storage in China” Geological Press, Beijing, China, 2012.
  21. ACCA21-Administrative Center for China's Agenda 21, Center for Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, “Research on the guideline for site selection of CO2 geological storage in China” Geological Publishing House, Beijing, China 2012.
  22. S. Bachu, “Screening and ranking of sedimentary basins for sequestration of CO2 in geological media in response to climate change,” Environmental Geology, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 277–289, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. CO2CRC., “site selection and characterization for CO2 storage projects,” Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas Technologies RPT08–1001, Camberra, Australia, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  24. DOE., “Site screening, selection and initial characterization for storage of CO2 in deep geologic formations,” Report, pp. 1–3, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  25. S. Q. Zhang, J. Q. Guo, X. F. Li, J. J. Fan, and Y. J. Diao, Geological conditions of CO2 sequestration and geological assessment of site selection in China, Geological Publishing House, Beijing, China, 2011.
  26. H. Liu, Z. Hou, X. Li, N. Wei, X. Tan, and P. Were, “A preliminary site selection system for a CO2-AGES project and its application in China,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 73, no. 11, article no. 10, pp. 6855–6870, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Q. Li and K. Ito, “Numerical analysis and modeling of coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) phenomena in double porous media,” in Aquifers: Formation, Transport and Pollution, R. H. Laughton, Ed., pp. 403–413, Nova Science Publishers, New York, NY, USA, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  28. K. Regenauer-Lieb, M. Veveakis, T. Poulet et al., “Multiscale coupling and multiphysics approaches in earth sciences: Theory,” Journal of Coupled Systems and Multiscale Dynamics, vol. 1, pp. 49–73, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. H. Liu, Z. Hou, P. Were, Y. Gou, and X. Sun, “Numerical investigation of the formation displacement and caprock integrity in the Ordos Basin (China) during CO2 injection operation,” Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, vol. 147, pp. 168–180, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Rutqvist, Y.-S. Wu, C.-F. Tsang, and G. Bodvarsson, “A modeling approach for analysis of coupled multiphase fluid flow, heat transfer, and deformation in fractured porous rock,” International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 429–442, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. O. Stephansson, J. A. Hudson, and L. Jing, “Coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical-chemical processes in geo-systems: fundamentals, modeling, experiments and applications,” pp. 1–803, Elsevier, Inc., Oxford, UK, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. J. Taron, K.-B. Min, H. Yasuhara, K. Trakoolngam, and D. Elsworth, “Numerical simulation of coupled thermo-hydro-chemo-mechanical processes through the linking of hydrothermal and solid mechanics codes,” in Proceedings of the 41st US Symposiumon Rock Mechanics, Colombia, South America, June 2006.
  33. R. Ganjdanesh, G. A. Pope, and K. Sepehrnoori, “Production of energy from saline aquifers: A method to offset the energy cost of carbon capture and storage,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 34, pp. 97–105, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Z. Liu, Carbon emissions in China, Springer Thesis, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 2016.
  35. GCCSI., The global status of CCS 2012, Global CCUS Institute, Canberra, Australia, 2012.
  36. W. G. Liang and Y. S. Zhao, “Investigation on carbon dioxide geologic sequestration in salt caverns,” Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1545–1550, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  37. L.-Z. Xie, H.-W. Zhou, and H.-P. Xie, “Research advance of CO2 storage in rock salt caverns,” Rock and Soil Mechanics, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 3324–3330, 2009 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. H. Liu, Z. Hou, P. Were, X. Sun, and Y. Gou, “Numerical studies on CO2 injection–brine extraction process in a low-medium temperature reservoir system,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 73, pp. 6839–6854, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. C. Preston, M. Monea, W. Jazrawi et al., “IEA GHG Weyburn CO2 monitoring and storage project,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 86, no. 14-15, pp. 1547–1568, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. “IEA GHG Weyburn CO2 monitoring and storage project summary report 2000-2004,” in Proceedings of the 7th international conference on greenhouse gas control technologies, M. Wilson and M. Monea, Eds., pp. 1–273, Vancouver, Canada, 2004.
  41. Z. Fang, X. C. Li, H. Li, and H. Q. Chen, “Feasibility study of gas mixture enhanced coalbed methane recovery technology,” Rock and Soil Mechanics, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 3223–3229, 2010 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. Z. Fang and X. Li, “Experimental study of gas adsorption-induced coal swelling and its influence on permeability,” Disaster Advances, vol. 5, pp. 769–773, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  43. Z. Fang, X. Li, and L. Huang, “Laboratory measurement and modelling of coal permeability with different gases adsorption,” International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 567–580, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. Godec, G. Koperna, and J. Gale, “CO2-ECBM: a review of its status and global potential,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2014, pp. 5858–5869, October 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. R. Puri and D. Yee, “Enhanced Coalbed Methane Recovery,” in Proceedings of the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 26, p. 23, Society of Petroleum Engineers, New Orleans, LA, USA, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. S. H. Tang, Characteristics of coal reservoir in Jincheng area and properties of adsorption-desorption of multiple gases [Ph.D. thesis], China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing, China, 2001 (Chinese).
  47. X. L. Sun, F. G. Zeng, and H. J. Liu, “CO2 geological storage and enhance natural gas recovery,” Bulletin of Science and Technology, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 11–16, 2012 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  48. X. Sun, F. Zeng, and H. Liu, “CO2-CH4 system mixing properties and enhanced natural gas recovery,” International Journal of Digital Content Technology and its Applications, vol. 6, no. 21, pp. 532–541, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. C. W. Byrer and H. D. Guthrie, “Assessment of world coal resources for carbon dioxide (CO2) storage potential—while enhancing potential for coalbed methane, US Department of Energy, Greenhouse Gas Mitigation, Technologies for Activities Implemented Jointly,” in Proceedings of Technologies for Activities Implemented Jointly, pp. 573–576, Vancouver, Canada, 1997.
  50. C. W. Byrer and H. D. Guthrie, “Carbon dioxide potential in coalbeds: a near-term consideration for the fossil energy industry , US Department of Energy,” in Proceedings of the 23rd International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization and Fuel Systems, pp. 593–600, Clearwater , FL, USA, 1998.
  51. S. H. Stevens and D. Spector, “Enhanced coalbed methane recovery: worldwide applications and CO2 storage potential,” Report prepared for IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, IEA/CON/97/27, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  52. S. H. Stevens, J. A. Kuuskraa, and D. Spector, “CO2 storage in deep coal seams: pilot results and worldwide potential,” in Fourth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Interlaken, Switzerland, 1998.
  53. J. Ye, S. Feng, Z. Fan et al., “Micro-pilot test for enhanced coalbed methane recovery by injecting carbon dioxide in south part of Qinshui Basin,” Acta Petrolei Sinica, vol. 28, pp. 77–80, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. M. J. van der Burgt, J. Cantle, and V. K. Boutkan, “Carbon dioxide disposal from coal-based IGCC's in depleted gas fields,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 33, no. 5-8, pp. 603–610, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. S. A. Jikich, D. H. Smith, W. N. Sams, and G. S. Bromhal, “Enhanced gas recovery (EGR) with carbon dioxide sequestration: a simulation study of effects of injection strategy and operational parameters,” in Proceedings of the SPE Eatern Meeting Conference and Exhibition, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2003. View at Scopus
  56. Z. Hou, Y. Gou, J. Taron, U. J. Gorke, and O. Kolditz, “Thermo-hydro-mechanical modeling of carbon dioxide injection for enhanced gas-recovery (CO 2-EGR): A benchmarking study for code comparison,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 549–561, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. Y. Gou, Z. Hou, H. Liu, L. Zhou, and P. Were, “Numerical simulation of carbon dioxide injection for enhanced gas recovery (CO2-EGR) in Altmark natural gas field,” Acta Geotechnica, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 49–58, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. S. Kalra and X. Wu, “CO2 injection for enhanced gas recovery,” in Proceedings of the SPE Western North American and Rocky Mountain Joint Meeting, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2014. View at Scopus
  59. M. Kühn, M. Streibel, N. Nakaten, and T. Kempka, “Integrated underground gas storage of CO2 and CH4 to decarbonise the “power-to-gas-to-gas-to-power” technology,” Energy Procedia, vol. 59, pp. 9–15, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. Y. Gou, Z. Hou, M. Li, W. Feng, and H. Liu, “Coupled thermo–hydro–mechanical simulation of CO2 enhanced gas recovery with an extended equation of state module for TOUGH2MP-FLAC3D,” Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 904–920, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. T. Clemens, S. Secklehner, K. Mantatzis, and B. Jacobs, “Enhanced gas recovery—challenges shown at the example of three gas fields,” in Proceedings of the SPE EUROPEC/EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition, Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2010. View at Scopus
  62. C. M. Oldenburg, K. Pruess, and S. M. Benson, “Process modeling of CO2 injection into natural gas reservoirs for carbon sequestration and enhanced gas recovery,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 726–730, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  63. C. M. Oldenburg and S. M. Benson, “CO2 Injection for Enhanced Gas Production and Carbon Sequestration,” in Proceedings of the 2002 SPE International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition in Mexico, 2002. View at Scopus
  64. S. Polak and A.-A. Grimstad, “Reservoir simulation study of CO2 storage and CO2 -EGR in the Atzbach-Schwanenstadt gas field in Austria,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-9, pp. 2961–2968, November 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. M. Kühn, M. Tesmer, P. Pilz et al., “CLEAN: Project overview on CO 2 large-scale enhanced gas recovery in the Altmark natural gas field (Germany),” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 311–321, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. T. Maldal and I. M. Tappel, “CO2 underground storage for Snøhvit gas field development,” Energy, vol. 29, no. 9-10, pp. 1403–1411, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. S. Solomon, M. Carpenter, and T. A. Flach, “Intermediate storage of carbon dioxide in geological formations: A technical perspective,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 502–510, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. D. S. Hughes, “Carbon storage in depleted gas fields: Key challenges,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-9, pp. 3007–3014, November 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. V. Becker, A. Myrttinen, P. Blum, R. Van Geldern, and J. A. C. Barth, “Predicting δ13CDIC dynamics in CCS: A scheme based on a review of inorganic carbon chemistry under elevated pressures and temperatures,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 1250–1258, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. J. Ennis-King, T. Dance, J. Xu et al., “The role of heterogeneity in CO2 storage in a depleted gas field: History matching of simulation models to field data for the CO2CRC Otway Project, Australia,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, pp. 3494–3501, September 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. M. Kühn, A. Förster, J. Großmann et al., “CLEAN: Preparing for a CO2-based enhanced gas recovery in a depleted gas field in Germany,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, pp. 5520–5526, September 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  72. V. Rouchon, C. Magnier, D. Miller, C. Bandeira, R. Gonçalves, and R. Dino, “The relationship between CO2 flux and gas composition in soils above an EOR-CO2 oil field (Brazil): A guideline for the surveillance of CO2 storage sites,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, pp. 3354–3362, September 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  73. J. Underschultz, C. Boreham, T. Dance et al., “CO2 storage in a depleted gas field: an overview of the CO2CRC Otway Project and initial results,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 922–932, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. R. J. Arts, V. P. Vandeweijer, C. Hofstee et al., “The feasibility of CO2 storage in the depleted P18-4 gas field offshore the Netherlands (the ROAD project),” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 11S, pp. S10–S20, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  75. F. Bilgili, E. Koçak, Ü. Bulut, and M. N. Sualp, “How did the US economy react to shale gas production revolution? An advanced time series approach,” Energy, vol. 116, pp. 963–977, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  76. “Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage,” in IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), B. Metz, O. Davidson, de. Coninck, M. Loos, L. A. Meyer, and H. C. de Coninck, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2005.
  77. K. C. Schepers, B. Nuttall, A. Y. Oudinot, and R. Gonzalez, Reservoir Modeling And Simulation of The Devonian Gas Shale of Eastern Kentucky for Enhanced Gas Recovery and CO2 Storage, 2009. View at Scopus
  78. C. Ou and Y. Zeng, “Research prospect of CO2 sealing up for safekeeping and CO2 enhanced CH4 recovery in adsorption reservoir bed,” Chemical Industry and Engineering Progress, vol. 30, pp. 258–63, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  79. H. Wang, Z. Shen, and G. Li, “Feasibility analysis on shale gas exploitation with supercritical CO2,” Petroleum Drilling Techniques, vol. 39, pp. 30–35, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  80. F. Liu, P. Lu, C. Griffith et al., “CO 2-brine-caprock interaction: Reactivity experiments on Eau Claire shale and a review of relevant literature,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 7, pp. 153–167, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  81. P. Pei, K. Ling, J. He, and Z. Liu, “Shale gas reservoir treatment by a CO2-based technology,” Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, vol. 26, pp. 1595–1606, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  82. P. C. Harris, R. J. Haynes, and J. P. Egger, “Use of CO2-based fracturing fluids in the red fork formation in the anadarko basin,” Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, pp. 1003–1008, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  83. R. Mazza, “Liquid-free stimulations - CO2∖sand dry-frac,” in Proceedings of the Conference of Emerging Technologies for Natural Gas Industry, 1997, http://www.netl.doe.gov/KMD/cds/Disk28/NG10-5.PDF.
  84. D. Gupta, “Nonconventional fracturing fluids,” in Proceedings of the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, TX, USA, 2009.
  85. T. Ishida, K. Aoyagi, T. Niwa et al., “Acoustic emission monitoring of hydraulic fracturing laboratory experiment with supercritical and liquid CO2,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 39, no. 16, Article ID L16309, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  86. H. Wang, G. Li, and Z. Shen, “A feasibility analysis on shale gas exploitation with supercritical carbon dioxide,” Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects, vol. 34, no. 15, pp. 1426–1435, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  87. K. Breede, K. Dzebisashvili, X. Liu, and G. Falcone, “A systematic review of enhanced (or engineered) geothermal systems: past, present and future,” Geothermal Energy, vol. 1, no. 1, article no. 4, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  88. D. W. Brown, “A hot dry rock geothermal energy concept using supercritical CO2 instead of water,” in Proceedings of the 25th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, pp. 233–238, 2000.
  89. K. Pruess, “Enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) using CO2 as working fluid—a novel approach for generating renewable energy with simultaneous sequestration of carbon,” Geothermics, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 351–367, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  90. K. Pruess, Enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) comparing water with CO2 as heat transmission fluids , Paper LBNL 63627, 2007.
  91. J. B. Randolph and M. O. Saar, “Impact of reservoir permeability on the choice of subsurface geothermal heat exchange fluid: CO2 versus water and native brine,” in Proceedings of the geothermal resources council 35th annual meeting, San Diego, CA, USA, 2011.
  92. T. A. Buscheck, M. Chen, Y. Sun, Y. Hao, and T. R. Elliot, “Two-Stage, Integrated, Geothermal-CO2 Storage Reservoirs: An Approach for Sustainable Energy Production, CO2-Sequestration Security, and Reduced Environmental Risk,” Tech. Rep. LLNL-TR-526952, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  93. C. Xu, P. Dowd, and Q. Li, “Carbon sequestration potential of the Habanero reservoir when carbon dioxide is used as the heat exchange fluid,” Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 50–59, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  94. J. B. Randolph and M. O. Saar, “Combining geothermal energy capture with geologic carbon dioxide sequestration,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 38, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  95. Z. H. Pang, F. T. Yang, and Z. F. Duan, “Status and prospect of CO2 geological storage technology,” in Proceedings of the in proceedings of the 2nd waste underground storage workshop, Dunhuang, China, 2008 (Chinese).
  96. S. A. Hosseini and J.-P. Nicot, “Scoping analysis of brine extraction/ re-injection for enhanced CO 2 storage,” Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 172–184, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  97. H. Salimi and K.-H. Wolf, “Integration of heat-energy recovery and carbon sequestration,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 6, pp. 56–68, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  98. L. Zhang, J. Ezekiel, D. Li, J. Pei, and S. Ren, “Potential assessment of CO2 injection for heat mining and geological storage in geothermal reservoirs of China,” Applied Energy, vol. 122, pp. 237–246, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  99. R. Ganjdanesh, S. L. Bryant, R. L. Orbach, G. A. Pope, and K. Sepehrnoori, “Coupled carbon dioxide sequestration and energy production from geopressured/geothermal aquifers,” SPE Journal, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 239–248, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  100. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), "International Energy Outlook 2016", DOE/EIA-0484, 2016.
  101. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), "Annual Energy Outlook 2016 with projections to 2040", DOE/EIA-0383, 2016.
  102. D. Sandro, J. C. Wu, Q. Yang, A. D. Hou, and J. D. Lin, Suggestions on realization the targets of shale gas production in China, 2014 (Chinese).
  103. X. Wu, Ed., Carbon Dioxide Capture and Geological Storage: The First Massive Exploration in China, Science Press, Beijing, China, 2013.
  104. Q. Li, X. Liu, L. Du et al., “Economics of acid gas injection with comparison to sulfur recovery in China,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2012, pp. 2505–2510, November 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  105. L.-C. Liu, Q. Li, J.-T. Zhang, and D. Cao, “Toward a framework of environmental risk management for CO2 geological storage in china: gaps and suggestions for future regulations,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 191–207, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  106. Y. Wu, J. C. Carroll, and Q. Li, Eds., Gas Injection for Disposal and Enhanced Recovery , Hardcover, Wiley-Scrivener, New York, NY, USA, 2014.
  107. N. Wei, X. Li, Z. Fang et al., “Regional resource distribution of onshore carbon geological utilization in China,” Journal of CO2 Utilization, vol. 11, pp. 20–30, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  108. S. Q. Zhang, J. Q. Guo, Y. J. Diao et al., “Technical method for selection of CO2 geological storage project sites in deep saline aquifers,” Geology in China, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 1640–1651, 2011 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  109. S. Q. Zhang, J. Q. Guo, and X. F. Li, Basics of CO2 Geological Sequestration in China And Site Selection Geological Evaluation, Geological Press, Beijing, China, 2011 (Chinese).
  110. J. Q. Guo, S. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Diao et al., “Site selection method of CO2 geological storage in deep saline aquifers,” Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 1084–1091, 2011 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  111. J. Q, D. G. Guo, S. Q. Zhang et al., “Potential evaluation of CO2 geological storage and pilot-scale projects,” Geological Survey of China, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 36–46, 2015 (Croatian). View at Google Scholar
  112. X. F. Jia, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang et al., “Method of target area selection of CO2 geological storage in China,” Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), vol. 4, pp. 255–267, 2014 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  113. X. C. Li and Z. M. Fang, “Status quo of connection technologies of CO2 geological storage in China,” Rock and Soil Mechanics, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2229–2233, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  114. Q. Li, X. Li, N. Wei, and Z. Fang, “Possibilities and potentials of geological co-storage CO2 and SO2 in China,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, pp. 6015–6020, September 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  115. X. C. Li, Y. F. Liu, B. Bai, and Z. M. Fang, “Ranking and screening of CO2 saline aquifer storage zones in China,” Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 744–748, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  116. Y. F. Liu, X. C. Li, and B. Bai, “Preliminary estimation of CO2 storage capacity of the deep saline formations in China,” Earth Science- Journal of China University of Geosciences, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 126–131, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  117. H. T. Zhang, D. G. Wen, and Y. L. Li, “Analysis of the CO2 geological storage conditions in China and some suggestions,” Geological Bulletin of China, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 1101–1110, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  118. H. Y. Jiang, P. P. Sheng, X. F. Li et al., “Study into technologies for estimating theoretical volume of CO2 stored underground worldwide,” Sino-Global Energy, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 93–99, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  119. W. Zhang, Y. L. Li, Y. Zheng, L. Jiang, and G. B. Qiu, “CO2 storage capacity estimation in geological sequestration: issues and research progress,” Advances in Earth Science, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1061–1069, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  120. Z. G. Xu, D. Z. Chen, and R. S. Zeng, “Principles of CO2 geological storage and conditions,” Journal of Southwest Petroleum University (Science & Technology Edition), vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 91–97, 2009 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  121. Z. Xu, D. Chen, R. Zeng et al., “Geological storage framework of CO2 subsurface burial trial area of daqingzijing block in the jilin oilfield,” Acta Geologica Sinica, vol. 83, no. 6, pp. 875–884, 2009 (Chinese). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  122. Y. Z. Yang, P. P. Sheng, X. M. Song, S. Y. Yang, and Y. L. Hu, “Greenhouse gas geo-sequestration mechanism and capacity evaluation in aquifer,” Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 744–748, 2009 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  123. W. Xu, X. S. Su, S. H. Du et al., “Capacity assessment and uncertainty analysis of CO2 storage in deep saline aquifer in the central depression of Songliao Basin,” Quaternary Sciences, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 483–490, 2011 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  124. C. Guo, L. Pan, K. Zhang, C. M. Oldenburg, C. Li, and Y. Li, “Comparison of compressed air energy storage process in aquifers and caverns based on the Huntorf CAES plant,” Applied Energy, vol. 181, pp. 342–356, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  125. X. K. Ren, Y. J. Cui, X. P. Bu, Y. J. Tang, and J. Q. Zhang, “Analysis on CO2 storage potentiality in Ordos Basin,” Energy of China, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 29–32, 2010 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  126. J. Xie, K. N. Zhang, and L. T. Hu, “Numerical investigation of geological CO2 storage with multiple injection wells for the Shenhua Ordos CCS project,” Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science), vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 90–96, 2015 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  127. J. Xie, K. N. Zhang, Y. S. Wang, L. Q. Tan, and C. B. Guo, “Performance assessment of CO2 geological storage in deep saline aquifers in Ordos Basin, China,” Rock and Soil Mechanics, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 166–174, 2016 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  128. B. He, T. F. Xu, Y. L. Yuan et al., “An analysis of the influence factors on CO2 injection capacity in a deep saline formation: a case study of Shiqianfeng Group in the Erdos Basin,” Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 136–142, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  129. X. Li, Q. Li, B. Bai, N. Wei, and W. Yuan, “The geomechanics of Shenhua carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project in Ordos Basin, China,” Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 948–966, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  130. C. Luo, A. L. Jia, T. J. Wei et al., “CO2 storage conditions in the saline formation of the Shanxi Group 2 section in the Zizhou area of the Ordos basin and its capacity estimation,” Journal of Northeast Petroleum University, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 26–36, 2016 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  131. ADB, “Promoting carbon capture utilization and storage through carbon dioxide-enhanced oil recovery in the Peoples Republic of China,” p. 16, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  132. M. Hao and Y. C. Song, “Research status of CO2-EOR technology,” Drilling & Production Technology, vol. 33, pp. 59–63, 2010 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  133. X. G. Dong, P. H. Han et al., Pilot-scale field test of the CO2-EOR in Daqing oilfield, Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing, China, 1999 (Chinese).
  134. P. Guo, S. Y. Zhang, Y. Wu et al., “The minimum miscible pressure of CO2 flooding in Dagang oilfield,” Journal of Southwest Petroleum University (Science & Technology Edition), vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 19–21, 1999 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  135. H. Y. Jiang, P. P. Shen, and T. X. Zhong, “The relationship between CO2 geological storage and enhanced oil recovery,” Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 52–55, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  136. P. P. Shen and X. W. Liao, CO2 geological storage and enhance oil recovery, Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing, China, 2009 (Chinese).
  137. H. J. Yu, G. J. Zhu, and J. Tian, “EOR by CO2 injection into offshore heavy oil-cap reservoir with strong edge and bottom waters,” Petroleum Geology & Oilfield Development in Daqing, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 137–142, 2013 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  138. X. A. Yue, R. B. Zhao, and F. L. Zhao, Technological Challenges for CO2 EOR in China, Science paper online, 2007 (Chinese).
  139. B. W. Guo, “Characteristics of tectonic coal and analysis on the location of CO2,” Coal Geology & Exploration, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 28–30, 2001 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  140. L. Zhou, Q. Y. Feng, and X. D. Li, “Mechanism and application potential of geological sequestration of carbon dioxide in deep coal seams,” Earth and Environment, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 9–14, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  141. Q. Li, W. Fei, X. Liu, X. Wei, M. Jing, and X. Li, “Challenging combination of CO2 geological storage and coal mining in the Ordos basin, China,” Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 452–467, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  142. J. Yang, “Studies on the injection of CO2 into coalbed reservoir,” Petrochemical Industry Application, vol. 12, pp. 26–28, 2015 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  143. L. Hou, J. J. Tian, and Y. X. Zhang, “Numerical simulation on geological sequestration of CO2 and coalbed methane displacement,” Shanxi Coal, vol. 1, pp. 78–81, 2016 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  144. K. Jiang, Z. P. Li, H. E. Dou, Z. Y. Cao, and G. Hong, “Potential evaluation model of CO2 geological storage in Qinshui basin,” Special Oil and Gas Reservoirs, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 116–118, 2016 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  145. J. Shen, Y. Qin, C.-J. Zhang, Q.-J. Hu, and W. Chen, “Feasibility of enhanced coalbed methane recovery by CO2 sequestration into deep coalbed of Qinshui Basin,” Journal of China Coal Society, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 156–161, 2016 (Chinese). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  146. S.-H. Tang, D.-Z. Tang, and Q. Yang, “Variation regularity of gas component concentration in binary-component gas adsorption-desorption isotherm experiments,” Journal of China University of Mining & Technology, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 448–452, 2004 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  147. S. H. Tang, D. Z. Tang, and Q. Yang, “Binary-component gas adsorption isotherm experiments and their significance to exploitation of coalbed methane,” Earth Science- Journal of China University of Geosciences, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 219–22, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  148. H. G. Yu, Study of characteristics and prediction of CH4, CO2, N2 and binary GAS adsorption on coals and CO2/CH4 replacement, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China, 2005.
  149. W. P. Jiang, Y. J. Cui, Q. Zhang, and Y. H. Li, “The quantum chemical study on the coal surface interacting with CH4 and CO2,” Journal of China Coal Society, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 237–242, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  150. W. Z. Wu, Characteristics of the inert group structure of the coal in Shendong and the molecular simulation of its reaction with CH4 [M. S., thesis], Taiyuan University of Technology, 2010 (Chinese).
  151. W. B. Fei, Q. Li, X. C. Wei, R. R. Song, M. Jing, and X. C. Li, “Interaction analysis for CO2 geological storage and underground coal mining in Ordos Basin, China,” Engineering Geology, vol. 196, pp. 194–209, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  152. J. P. Ye, Y. Qin, and D. Y. Lin, Coalbed methane resources in China, China University of Mining & Technology Press, Xuzhou, China, 1998.
  153. Y. F. Liu, X. C. Li, and B. Bai, “Preliminary estimation of CO2 storage capacity of coalbeds in China,” Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 24, no. 16, pp. 2947–2952, 2005 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  154. Y. F. Liu, X. C. Li, Z. M. Fang, and B. Bai, “Preliminary estimation of CO2 storage capacity of gas reservoirs in China,” Rock and Soil Mechanics, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 2277–2281, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  155. D. Z. Dong, C. N. Zou, H. Yang et al., “Progress and prospects of shale gas exploration and development in China,” Acta Petrolei Sinica, vol. 33, supplement 1, pp. 107–114, 2012 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  156. Y. S. Zhu, X. X. Song, Y. T. Guo et al., “High-pressure adsorption characteristics and controlling factors of CH4 and CO2 on shales from Longmaxi formation, Chongqing, Sichuan Basin,” Natural Gas Geoscience, vol. 27, pp. 1942–1952, 2016 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  157. T. F. Xu and W. Zhang, “Enhanced geothermal systems: international developments and Chinas prospects,” Petroleum Science Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 38–44, 2016 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  158. F. G. Wang, Effect of CO2-EGS-water-rock on the characteristics of formation porosity and permeability , Master thesis at [M, S. thesis], Jilin University, 2013 (Chinese).
  159. F. G. Wang, J. Na, and X. X. Geng, “The impacts of different CO2 injection temperature on heat extraction rate in CO2 enhanced geothermal system: based on the CCS demonstration project in Erdos,” Science & Technology Review, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 34–39, 2013 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  160. Y. Shi, The operating mechanism and optimization research on carbon dioxide plume geothermal system in Quantou formation of Songliao Basin [Ph.D. thesis], Jilin University, 2014 (Chinese).
  161. Z. Y. Hou, T. F. Xu, B. He, B. Feng, and J. Na, “Laboratory experimental study of dissolution using supercritical CO2 as a stimulation agent for enhanced geothermal system (EGS) in SongLiao basin,” in Renewable Energy Resources, vol. 1, pp. 122–128, 2016 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  162. M. Z. Liu, B. Bai, X. C. Li, and rtal, “Experimental study of fracturing characteristics of sandstone under CO2-water two-phase condition and effective stress model,” Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 38–47, 2016 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  163. G. Z. Lv, Q. Li, S. Wang, and X. Li, “Key techniques of reservoir engineering and injection-production process for CO2 flooding in China's SINOPEC Shengli oilfield,” Journal of CO2 Utilization, vol. 11, pp. 31–40, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  164. “China United Coalbed Methane Corporation (CUCMC), Ltd,” Alberta Research Council, “The pilot-scale field test of CO2-ECBM technology in China” Geological Press, Beijing, China, 2008.
  165. C. H. Qu, “Discussion on developing the technology of CO2 capture and storage,” China Science and Technology Periodical Database Industry, vol. 8, pp. 1–3, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  166. Department of Social Development (DSD), “CO2 capture, utilization and storage technologies in China,” The Administrative Center for China’s Agenda 21 ACCA21, p. 22, 2010 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  167. Y. K. Du, Study on the mechanism of supercritical carbon dioxide efflux in the rock breaking mechanism [Ph.D. thesis], China University of Petroleum, Huadong, China, 2009 (Chinese).
  168. Q. Fang, CO2 Geological Storage Combined with Brine Production in High-salinity and Low-permeability Aquifers [Ph.D. thesis], China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China, 2014 (Chinese).
  169. X. H. Zhang, X. B. Lu, and Q. J. Liu, “The effect of the characteristics of Cap on the escaping velocity of CO2,” Soil Engineering and Foundation, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 67–70, 2009 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  170. S. Q. Zhang, Y. J. Diao, X. X. Cheng et al., “geological storage leakage routes and environment monitoring,” Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1251–1261, 2010 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  171. Q. Li, “The potential environmental impacts and risk studies during CO2 geological storage-safety evaluation,” in Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Control and Environmental Impacts Evaluation, Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning, Shamen, p. 20, 2011 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  172. L. H. Peng, J. J. Wang, W. J. You, and L. S. Xu, “Environmental issues and advances of carbon dioxide geological storage,” Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 104–110, 2013 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  173. H. Shi, L. C. Liu, and Q. Li, “A comparative study of geo-environmental impacts of CO2 geological storage and high level nuclear waste geo-disposal , China Population,” Resources and Environment, vol. 25, pp. 203–207, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  174. X. Y. Zhang, J. M. Cheng, and J. Liu, “Advances on the research of CO2 sequestration,” Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, vol. 4, pp. 58–88, 2006 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  175. Z. G. Xu, D. Z. Chen, and R. S. Zeng, “The leakage risk assessment and remediation options of CO2 geological storage,” Geological Review, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 373–385, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  176. The Climate Group, CCUS in China: 18 hot-spot problems, 2011 (Chinese).
  177. Greengen Corporation Limited, Challenging the global climate changes-CO2 capture and storage, China Water & Power Press, Beijing, China, 2008 (Chinese).
  178. E. S. Rubin, J. E. Davison, and H. J. Herzog, “The cost of CO2 capture and storage,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 40, pp. 378–400, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  179. B. Huang, S. Xu, S. Gao et al., “Industrial test and techno-economic analysis of CO2 capture in Huaneng Beijing coal-fired power station,” Applied Energy, vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 3347–3354, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  180. W. Y. Chen, Z. X. Wu, and W. Z. Wang, “The strategy of CO2 capture and storage and its potential effect on the long term reduction in CO2 emission in China,” Environmental Science, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 1178-1179, 2007 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  181. J. Chen, C. Zheng, W. Chen, and W. Y. Fei, “The emergency in reducing the CO2 emission and the development of capture technology,” in Proceedings of the in Proceedings of the 10th Annual Meeting of China Association for Science and Technology: reduction in CO<sub>2</sub> emission and its clean utilization and development workshop, pp. 10–13, 2008 (Chinese).
  182. X. Y. Zhang, C. Di, and L. C. Lei, CO2 corrosion and treatment, Chemistry Industry Press, Beijing, China, 2000 (Chinese).
  183. M. J. Wu, “Studies on the corrosion of the ground system in tertiary oil recovery with CO2 flooding and treatment,” Oil-Gasfield Surface Engineering, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 16–18, 2004 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  184. K. van Alphen, Q. van Voorst tot Voorst, M. P. Hekkert, and R. E. H. M. Smits, “Societal acceptance of carbon capture and storage technologies,” Energy Policy, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 4368–4380, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  185. J. K. Haug and P. Stigson, “Local acceptance and communication as crucial elements for realizing CCS in the Nordic region,” in Proceedings of the 8th Trondheim Conference on CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage, TCCS 2015, pp. 315–323, June 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  186. Z. Kapetaki, J. Simjanović, and J. Hetland, “European carbon capture and storage project network: Overview of the status and developments,” in Proceedings of the 8th Trondheim Conference on CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage, TCCS 2015, pp. 12–21, June 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  187. Z.-A. Chen, Q. Li, L.-C. Liu et al., “A large national survey of public perceptions of CCS technology in China,” Applied Energy, vol. 158, pp. 366–377, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  188. Q. Li and G. Liu, “Risk assessment of the geological storage of CO2: a review,” in Geologic Carbon Sequestration: Understanding Reservoir Behavior, V. Vishal and T. N. Singh, Eds., pp. 249–284, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  189. Q. Li, Z. A. Chen, J.-T. Zhang, L.-C. Liu, X. C. Li, and L. Jia, “Positioning and revision of CCUS technology development in China,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 46, pp. 282–293, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  190. Q. Li, R. Song, X. Liu, G. Liu, and Y. Sun, “Monitoring of carbon dioxide geological utilization and storage in China: a review,” in Acid Gas Extraction for Disposal and Related Topics, Y. Wu, J. J. Carroll, and W. Zhu, Eds., pp. 331–358, Wiley-Scrivener, New York, NY, USA, 2016. View at Google Scholar