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Volume 2018, Article ID 5980386, 18 pages
Research Article

Numerical Investigation of Water Entry Problem of Pounders with Different Geometric Shapes and Drop Heights for Dynamic Compaction of the Seabed

1Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2Department of Civil Engineering, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
3Department of Civil Engineering, Bandar Anzali Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Anzali, Iran

Correspondence should be addressed to Mohammad Reza Atrechian;

Received 19 August 2017; Revised 17 October 2017; Accepted 3 January 2018; Published 6 February 2018

Academic Editor: Stefano Lo Russo

Copyright © 2018 Mohammad Hossein Taghizadeh Valdi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The water entry problem of three-dimensional pounders with different geometric shapes of cube, cylinder, sphere, pyramid, and cone was numerically simulated by the commercial software Abaqus, and the effects of pounder shape and drop height from the free surface of water on deepwater displacement and velocity as well as pinch-off time and depth were investigated. An explicit dynamic analysis method was employed to model fluid-structure interactions using a Coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian (CEL) formulation. The simulation results are verified by showing the computed shape of the air cavity, displacement of sphere, pinch-off time, and depth which all agreed with the experimental results. The results reveal that the drag force of water has the highest and lowest effect on cubical and conical pounders, respectively. Increasing the pounder drop height up to the critical height leads to increased pounder velocity while impacting the model bed and more than the critical drop height has a reverse effect on pounder impact velocity. Pinch-off time is a very weak function of pounder impact velocity; but pinch-off depth increases linearly with increased impact velocity.