(a) Evolution of maximum ice sheet thickness and extension
(b) Boundary conditions, Stages I and II
(c) Boundary conditions, Stage III
(d) Boundary conditions, Stage IV
Figure 3: Reproduced from [9] with permission. (a) Glaciation scenario used to specify boundary conditions along the top boundary of the model domain. (b), (c), and (d) Model boundary conditions for flow, solute, and energy transport equations. h: hydraulic head [m]; : temperature [°C]; : concentration [mol L−3]; : volumetric recharge [L−3 T−1]; : solute mass flux [mol T−1]; and : heat flux per unit of surface [E T−1 L−2].