Table of Contents
Geography Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 195635, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/195635
Research Article

Spatial-Temporal Analysis of the Economic and Environmental Coordination Development Degree in Liaoning Province

1School of Urban & Environment, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
2School of History & Tourism, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, China

Received 6 February 2013; Revised 12 April 2013; Accepted 28 May 2013

Academic Editor: Tonny J. Oyana

Copyright © 2013 Hui Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study selects 20 indices of economic and environmental conditions over 15 years (1996–2010) for 14 cities in Liaoning province, China. We calculate the economic score and environmental score of each city by processing 4200 data points through SPSS 16.0 and establish synthesis functions between the economy and the environment. For the time dimension, we study the temporal evolution of the economic and environmental coordination development degree . Based on Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA) techniques and using GeoDa, we calculate Moran's index of local spatial autocorrelation and explore the spatial distribution character of in Liaoning province through a LISA cluster map. As we found in the temporal dimension, the results show that of the 14 cities has been rising for 15 years and that increases year by year, which indicates that the economic and environmental coordination development condition has been improving from disorder to highly coordinated. A smaller gap between economic strength and environmental carrying capacity in Liaoning province exists, which means that economic development and environmental protection remain synchronized. In the spatial dimension, the highly coordinated cities have changed from a scattering to a concentration in the middle-south region of Liaoning province. Poorly coordinated cities are scattered in the northwestern region of Liaoning province.