Table of Contents
Geography Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 923173, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/923173
Research Article

Climate Aridity under Changing Conditions and Implications for the Agricultural Sector: Italy as a Case Study

1Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Centro di Ricerca per lo Studio delle Relazioni tra Pianta e Suolo (CRA-RPS), Via della Navicella 2-4, 00184 Roma, Italy
2Metodi e Modelli per l'Economia, il Territorio e la Finanza (MEMOTEF), Università di Roma “Sapienza”, Via del Castro Laurenziano 9, 00161 Roma, Italy
3Unità di Ricerca per la Climatologia e la Meteorologia Applicate all’Agricoltura (CRA-CMA), Consiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Via del Caravita 7a, 00186 Roma, Italy

Received 30 August 2012; Accepted 31 October 2012

Academic Editor: Tonny J. Oyana

Copyright © 2013 Luca Salvati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A comprehensive diachronic analysis (1951–2010) of precipitation and temperature regimes has been carried out at the national and regional scale in Italy to investigate the impact of climate aridity on the agricultural system. Trends in climate aridity have been also analysed using UNEP aridity index which is the ratio between rainfall and potential evapotranspiration on a yearly basis. During the examined time period, and particularly in the most recent years, a gradual reduction in rainfall and growing temperatures have been observed which have further widened the gap between precipitation amounts and water demand in agriculture.