Table of Contents
Geography Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 361459, 10 pages
Research Article

Rapid Urban Expansion and Its Implications on Geomorphology: A Remote Sensing and GIS Based Study

1Centre of Remote Sensing & GIS, SOS in Earth Science, Jiwaji University, Gwalior 474011, India
2Centre for the Study of Regional Development, JNU, New Delhi 110067, India

Received 4 July 2014; Revised 11 August 2014; Accepted 11 September 2014; Published 20 October 2014

Academic Editor: Siyue Li

Copyright © 2014 S. N. Mohapatra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Topography, vegetation, climate, water table, and even the anthropogenic activities all are affected by urban growth through diverse mechanisms. The present study focuses on the implications of urban expansion on geomorphology in the historical city of Gwalior in central India. The expansion of urban area has been quantified by deriving data for four decades (1972–2013) from the Landsat images. The results show that the urban built-up area has increased by 08.48 sq. km during the first eighteen years (1972–1990) which has increased to 16.28 sq. km during the next sixteen years (1990–2006). The built-up area has gone up to 23.19 sq. km in the next seven years (2006–2013). Overall during the last 40 years the growth of the urban built-up is nearly three times of the built-up areas in 1972. The average decadal growth rate of population is 27.28 percent while that of built-up land is 36.29 percent. The construction activities have affected important geomorphic features such pediplain, buried pediplain, residual hills, and denudational hills. It was concluded that, instead of shortsighted urban development, proper measures should be taken in accordance with scientific planning for the urban expansion of the city in the future.