Gastroenterology Research and Practice / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Clinical Study

Covered Metal Stenting for Malignant Lower Biliary Stricture with Pancreatic Duct Obstruction: Is Endoscopic Sphincterotomy Needed?

Table 4

Risk factors for overall complications after CSEMS deployment (univariate analysis).

Complication (+)
( )
Complication ()
( )
P valueOR (95% CI)

Female gender7320.7701.2 (0.38–4.1)
Age (<60 years)440.0226.9 (1.5–33)
Nonpancreatic cancer420.00614 (2.3–89)
Periampullary diverticulum380.3772.2 (0.49–9.6)
Non-EST6350.7650.76 (0.23–2.5)
Fully covered type stent5170.4991.8 (0.52–6.3)
Pancreatic duct injection3171.0000.87 (0.21–3.5)
Biopsy of the bile duct041.000
Cytology of bile juice151.0001.0 (0.11–9.5)
Intraductal ultrasonography120.4212.7 (0.22–32)
Procedure time (>45 minutes)280.6661.3 (0.2–7.1)

CSEMS: covered self-expandable metal stent. EST: endoscopic sphincterotomy.

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