Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2014, Article ID 424503, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/424503
Research Article

The Effects of 5-Hydroxytryptophan in Combination with Different Fatty Acids on Gastrointestinal Functions: A Pilot Experiment

1Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Tuebingen, Medical Hospital, Osianderstraße 5, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
2Department of Internal Medicine IV, University Hospital Munich, Central Campus, Ziemssenstraße 1, 80336 Munich, Germany
3Department of Nutritional Medicine, University of Hohenheim, Fruwirthstraße 12, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany

Received 13 May 2014; Accepted 14 July 2014; Published 19 August 2014

Academic Editor: Eldon A. Shaffer

Copyright © 2014 Helene Sauer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Fat affects gastric emptying (GE). 5-Hydroxythryptophan (5-HTP) is involved in central and peripheral satiety mechanisms. Influence of 5-HTP in addition to saturated or monounsaturated fatty acids (FA) on GE and hormone release was investigated. Subjects/Methods. 24 healthy individuals (12f : 12m, 22–29 years, BMI 19–25.7 kg/m²) were tested on 4 days with either 5-HTP + short-chain saturated FA (butter), placebo + butter, 5-HTP + monounsaturated FA (olive oil), or placebo + olive oil in double-blinded randomized order. Two hours after FA/5-HTP or placebo intake, a 13C octanoid acid test was conducted. Cortisol, serotonin, cholecystokinin (CCK), and ghrelin were measured, as were mood and GE. Results. GE was delayed with butter and was normal with olive () but not affected by 5-HTP. 5-HTP supplementation did not affect serotonin levels. Food intake increased plasma CCK (; ) irrespective of the FA. Ghrelin levels significantly decreased with oil/5-HTP (; ). The diurnal cortisol profile was unaffected by FA or 5-HTP, as were ratings of mood, hunger, and stool urgency. Conclusion. Diverse FAs have different effects on GE and secretion of orexigenic and anorexigenic hormones. Supplementation of 5-HTP had no effect on plasma serotonin and central functions. Further studies are needed to explain the complex interplay.