Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 367848, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/367848
Research Article

Endoscopic Ex Vivo Evaluation of Bile Concentrations by Narrow Band Imaging: A Pilot Study

1Digestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, 35-1 Chigasakichuo, Tsuzuki-ku, Yokohama 224-8503, Japan
2Surgical Sciences Department, Umberto I° General Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
3De La Salle University Medical Center, Dasmarinas, Philippines

Received 19 October 2014; Revised 16 February 2015; Accepted 23 March 2015

Academic Editor: Mala Banerjee

Copyright © 2015 Roberta Maselli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. K. H. Kauer, J. H. Peters, T. R. DeMeester et al., “Composition and concentration of bile acid reflux into the esophagus of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease,” Surgery, vol. 122, no. 5, pp. 874–881, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. C. Gotley, A. P. Morgan, and M. J. Cooper, “Bile acid concentrations in the refluxate of patients with reflux oesophagitis,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 587–590, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. Champion, J. E. Richter, M. F. Vaezi, S. Singh, and R. Alexander, “Duodenogastroesophageal reflux: relationship to pH and importance in Barrett's esophagus,” Gastroenterology, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 747–754, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Johnsson, B. Joelsson, C.-H. Floren, and A. Nilsson, “Bile salts in the esophagus of patients with esophagitis,” Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 712–716, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. F. Vaezi, S. Singh, and J. E. Richter, “Role of acid and duodenogastric reflux in esophageal mucosal injury: a review of animal and human studies,” Gastroenterology, vol. 108, no. 6, pp. 1897–1907, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Gono, T. Obi, M. Yamaguchi et al., “Appearance of enhanced tissue features in narrow-band endoscopic imaging,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 568–577, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. M. Song, D. G. Adler, J. D. Conway et al., “Narrow band imaging and multiband imaging,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 581–589, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. W. K. H. Kauer, J. H. Peters, T. R. DeMeester et al., “Mixed reflux of gastric and duodenal juices is more harmful to the esophagus than gastric juice alone: the need for surgical therapy re-emphasized,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 222, no. 4, pp. 525–533, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. X. Chen, T. Oshima, J. Shan, H. Fukui, J. Watari, and H. Miwa, “Bile salts disrupt human esophageal squamous epithelial barrier function by modulating tight junction proteins,” American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, vol. 303, no. 2, pp. G199–G208, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. J. Stein, H. Feussner, W. Kauer et al., “Alkaline gastroesophageal reflux: assessment by ambulatory esophageal aspiration and pH monitoring,” The American Journal of Surgery, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 163–168, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Y. Iftikhar, S. Ledingham, D. F. Evans et al., “Alkaline gastro-oesophageal reflux: dual probe pH monitoring,” Gut, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 465–470, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. F. Vaezi, R. G. Lacamera, and J. E. Richter, “Validation studies of Bilitec 2000: an ambulatory duodenogastric reflux monitoring system,” The American Journal of Physiology, vol. 267, no. 6, pp. G1050–G1057, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus