Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7230626, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7230626
Research Article

Clinical Risk Factors for Gastroduodenal Ulcer in Romanian Low-Dose Aspirin Consumers

1University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tirgu Mureș, Gheorghe Marinescu 38, 540139 Mures, Romania
2University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Iuliu Hațieganu” Cluj-Napoca, 8 Victor Babeş, 400012 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3Emergency County Hospital, Tirgu Mures, Gheorghe Marinescu 50, 540136 Mures, Romania

Received 13 April 2016; Revised 1 July 2016; Accepted 11 July 2016

Academic Editor: Vikram Kate

Copyright © 2016 Anca Negovan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Aspirin use for cardiovascular or cancer prevention is limited due to its gastrointestinal side effects. Objective. Our prospective, observational case-control study aims to identify the predictive factors for ulcers in low-dose aspirin consumers (75–325 mg/day). Methods. The study included patients who underwent an upper digestive endoscopy and took low-dose aspirin treatment. Results. We recruited 51 patients with ulcer (ulcer group) and 108 patients with no mucosal lesions (control group). In univariate analysis, factors significantly associated with ulcers were male gender (), anticoagulants (), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (), heart failure (), liver () or cerebrovascular disease (), diabetes mellitus (), ulcer history (), and alcohol consumption (), but not Helicobacter pylori infection (). According to our multivariate regression analysis results, history of peptic ulcer (OR 3.07, 95% CI 1.06–8.86), cotreatment with NSAIDs (OR 8, 95% CI 2.09–30.58) or anticoagulants (OR 4.85, 95% CI 1.33–17.68), male gender (OR 5.2, 95% CI 1.77–15.34), and stroke (OR 7.27, 95% CI 1.40–37.74) remained predictors for ulcer on endoscopy. Conclusions. Concomitant use of NSAIDs or anticoagulants, comorbidities (cerebrovascular disease), and male gender are the most important independent risk factors for ulcer on endoscopy in low-dose aspirin consumers, in a population with a high prevalence of H. pylori infection.