Table 3: Short-term success was defined as successful hemostasis during endoscopy persisting for at least 24 hours. Long-term success was defined as no further bleeding from the treated bleeding source within 30 days. One patient died during EE due to an aortoesophageal fistula. Three more patients died due to septic multiorganic failure during the hospital stay; one patient died due to liver failure following cirrhosis. These four fatalities were not linked to emergency endoscopy.

Per examinationPer patient

Overall success
 Short-term34/35 (97.1%)26/27 (96.3%)
 Long-term23/35 (65.7%)17/27 (63.0%)

Success upper GIB
 Examinations3325
 Short-term success32 (97,0%)24 (96%)
 Long-term success21 (63,6%)15 (60%)

Long-term success
Primary therapy9/14 (64,3%)
Salvage therapy14/21 (66,7%)

Success lower GIB
Endoscopy22
 Examinations2 (100%)2 (100%)
 Short-term success2 (100%)2 (100%)
 Long-term success2 (100%)2 (100%)

Unsuccessful treatment = recurrent bleeding11/33 (33.3%)11/25 (44.0%)
 Ulcers99
 Carcinoma22

Fatalities5/35 (14.2%)5/27 (18.5%)
 Bleeding associated11
 Others44

Further interventions10/35 (28,6%)10/27 (37,0%)
Emergency surgery33
 Reendoscopy66
 Radiologic coiling11

Technical failure1/35 (2.8%)
Clotting of catheter
1/27 (3.7%)