Gastroenterology Research and Practice / 2017 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Safety and Efficacy of Exclusive Enteral Nutrition for Percutaneously Undrainable Abdominal Abscesses in Crohn’s Disease

Table 4

Characteristics and postoperative short-term outcomes of patients requiring surgery.

Characteristics and outcomesEEN group ()Non-EEN group ()

Gender, n0.537
Male2815
Female1813

Montreal classification of age at abscess diagnosis, n0.723
A1 (<16 years)00
A2 (17–40 years)3319
A3 (>40 years)139

Montreal classification of disease location, n0.912
L1 (ileal)1510
L2 (colonic)21
L3 (ileocolonic)2917

Previous surgical history, n1180.656

Multiple abscesses, n870.430

Abscess location, n0.636
Right lower quadrant2013
Pelvis167
Others108

Perianal lesion, n670.219

Abscess diameter > 3 cm, n11110.161

Fistula29100.022

Steroids at diagnosis, n14140.092

AZA/6-MP at diagnosis, n15140.137

Infliximab at diagnosis, n631.000

Surgical approach0.235
Open1513
Laparoscopy3115

Pre-op laboratory indices
 White blood cell (×109/L), mean (range)6.45 (2.4–24.4)6.28 (3.8–14.9)0.836
 Hemoglobin (g/L), mean (range)11.93 (7.4–14.5)11.18 (7.1–12.7)0.100
 ESR (mm/h), mean (range)17.82 (0–74)34.86 (5–72)<0.001
 C-reactive protein (mg/L), mean (range)8.704 (0–59.6)23.80 (1.2–112.1)0.001
 Albumin (g/L), mean (range)36.05 (28.4–42.5)31.11 (23.1–41.3)<0.001

Abscess resolution, n41190.023

Post-op IASCs, n370.036

Stoma creation, n20130.804

Postop hospital stay (days), mean (±SD)9.65 ± 6.7513.64 ± 8.840.032

Operative time (min), mean (±SD)203.63 ± 69.04198.57 ± 52.380.740

Intraoperative bleeding (ml), mean (±SD)87.94 ± 67.9486.07 ± 57.180.904

IASCs: intra-abdominal septic complications; EEN: exclusive enteral nutrition; ESR: erythrocyte sedimentation rate; SD: standard deviation; AZA: azathioprine; 6-MP: mercaptopurine.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.