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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8363561, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8363561
Research Article

Evaluation of Early Prognostic Factors of Mortality in Patients with Acute Pancreatitis: A Retrospective Study

1Department of General Surgery, Baotou Central Hospital, Baotou, China
2Intensive Care Unit, Baotou Central Hospital, Baotou, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jiang Hu; moc.oohay@513gnaijuh and Lu Liang; moc.liamg@360gnailul

Received 12 July 2017; Revised 4 October 2017; Accepted 18 October 2017; Published 25 December 2017

Academic Editor: Riccardo Casadei

Copyright © 2017 Wenzheng Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Early and accurate assessment of severity in acute pancreatitis (AP) is of great importance to provide effective disease management and prevent mortality. In this study, we aim to evaluate early indicators that predict the mortality of AP. We retrospectively analyzed 24-hour clinical characteristics and laboratory data in 166 AP patients recruited between January 2014 and November 2015 in Baotou Central Hospital. In total, 18 patients did not survive the disease. Multivariate logistic regression showed that red cell distribution (RDW) (OR = 2.965, ) and creatinine (OR = 1.025, ) were early independent risk factors of AP mortality while albumin (OR = 0.920, ) levels reduced AP mortality. The corresponding optimal cut-off values were 14.45, 125.5, and 34.95, respectively. The positive predictive values of the AP mortality were 80.1%, 54.5%, and 69.5%. In combined measurement, the area under the curve of RDW, creatinine, and albumin was 0.964 (95% CI: 0.924 to 1.000, ). RDW ≥ 14.45%, creatinine ≥ 125.5 μmol/l, and albumin ≤ 34.95 g/l indicated a good predictive value for mortality in AP patients with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 64.2%. RDW, creatinine, and albumin may serve as early indicators for AP mortality which warrants further clinical investigation.