Gastroenterology Research and Practice / 2018 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Prevalence of Functional Constipation and Relationship with Dietary Habits in 3- to 8-Year-Old Children in Japan

Table 4

Relationship between functional constipation and consumption of energy and nutrients.

Mean amount of intake per dayUnitFC
Non-FC
value
t-testANCOVA

Energy and nutrients
Total meal weightg1606.3 ± 466.91616.2 ± 457.90.606 
Total calorieskcal1421.8 ± 417.01395.2 ± 385.60.1220.128
Water content per mealg1298.2 ± 393.71312.5 ± 390.80.3800.378
Proteing48.4 ± 14.048.1 ± 13.50.6310.666
Fatg45.9 ± 13.644.4 ± 12.90.0050.007
Carbohydratesg198.9 ± 70.2196.2 ± 65.00.3460.376
Calciummg529.6 ± 204.4519.5 ± 198.10.2720.269
Magnesiummg176.6 ± 54.3177.3 ± 52.60.7790.736
Phosphorousmg808.9 ± 257.2801.7 ± 248.50.4900.513
Soluble dietary fibreg1.88 ± 0.71.92 ± 0.70.1700.164
Insoluble dietary fibreg5.97 ± 2.06.13 ± 2.00.0620.057
Total dietary fibreg8.02 ± 2.88.22 ± 2.80.0740.069
NaClg9.22 ± 2.49.27 ± 2.40.6140.605
Juiceg94.2 ± 127.580.9 ± 98.80.0090.002
Water including teag301.6 ± 168.0318.2 ± 168.40.0180.015
Nutritional equivalent
Total meal weightg/100 kcal114.7 ± 20.6117.3 ± 21.00.0030.004
Water content per mealg/100 kcal93.0 ± 20.495.5 ± 20.90.0040.006
Proteing/100 kcal3.4 ± 0.53.5 ± 0.50.0900.111
Fatg/100 kcal3.3 ± 0.63.2 ± 0.60.0190.019
Carbohydrateg/100 kcal13.9 ± 1.614.0 ± 1.50.1270.123
Calciummg/100 kcal37.5 ± 10.937.3 ± 10.30.7930.720
Magnesiummg/100 kcal12.5 ± 2.012.8 ± 2.00.0020.003
Phosphorousmg/100 kcal57.3 ± 10.657.7 ± 9.90.3460.395
Soluble dietary fibremg/100 kcal134.0 ± 3.6138.7 ± 3.70.0030.003
Insoluble dietary fibremg/100 kcal424.5 ± 9.1442.3 ± 9.90.0000.000
Total dietary fibre/daymg/100 kcal570.3 ± 128.8593.5 ± 138.40.0000.000
NaClmg/100 kcal667.00 ± 137.9680.7 ± 136.20.0160.023

ANCOVA: analysis with age as a covariate (Bonferroni). Data are shown as the mean ± standard deviation.

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