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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 5309286, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5309286
Research Article

Differential Effects of Three Techniques for Hepatic Vascular Exclusion during Resection for Liver Cirrhosis on Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats

1Department of Hepatobiliary and Splenic Surgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110004, China
2Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Weihai Central Hospital, Weihai, Shandong 264400, China
3Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian, Liaoning 116001, China
4Department of Anal Disease, Shenyang Coloproctology Hospital, Shenyang, Liaoning 110000, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Chaoliu Dai; moc.361@js_lciad

Received 2 May 2017; Accepted 13 July 2017; Published 8 January 2018

Academic Editor: Kazuhiko Uchiyama

Copyright © 2018 Changjun Jia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background/Aims. Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a serious concern during hepatic vascular occlusion. The objectives of this study were to assess effects of three techniques for hepatic vascular occlusion on I/R injury and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods. Liver cirrhotic rats had undertaken Pringle maneuver (PR), hemihepatic vascular occlusion (HH), or hepatic blood inflow occlusion without hemihepatic artery control (WH). Levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β (TRIF), and hemeoxygenase 1 (HMOX1) were assayed. Results. The histopathologic analysis displayed that liver harm was more prominent in the PR group, but similar in the HH and WH groups. The HH and WH groups responded to hepatic I/R inflammation similarly but better than the PR group. Mechanical studies suggested that TNF-α/NF-κB signaling and TLR4/TRIF transduction pathways were associated with the differential effects. In addition, the HH and WH groups had significantly higher levels of hepatic HMOX1 () than the PR group. Conclusions. HH and WH confer better preservation of liver function and protection than the Pringle maneuver in combating I/R injury. Upregulation of HMOX1 may lead to better protection and clinical outcomes after liver resection.