Table 3: PSQI and BDI-II test scores in CD, UC patients, and healthy controls.

HC
(N 47)
CD
(N 28)
UC
(N 19)
value

PSQI > 5, N (%)8 (17.02%)12 (41.4%)6 (31.6%)0.06
 BDI-II
  No depression, N (%)44 (93.7%)21 (72.5%)15 (79%)
  Mild, N (%)2 (4.2%)5 (17.2%)3 (15.8%)
  Moderate, N (%)1 (2.1%)3 (10.3%)1 (5.2%)0.14
  Severe, N (%)000

PSQI = Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, a PSQI global score > 5 is suggestive of significant sleep disturbance; BDI-II = Beck Depression Inventory Scale II; HC = healthy controls; CD = Crohn’s disease patients; UC = ulcerative colitis patients; N = number(s).