Gastroenterology Research and Practice / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Failure Factors to Reach the Blind End Using a Short-Type Single-Balloon Enteroscope for ERCP with Roux-en-Y Reconstruction: A Multicenter Retrospective Study

Table 2

Failure factors for reaching the blind end.

Background factorsReached
Not reached
Rate of reaching the blind endUnivariate analysis
value
Multivariate analysis
value
Odds ratio (95% CI)

Age, (years)0.0890.734
Sex
 Male1021984%0.0850.57
 Female261072%
Types of R-Y reconstruction
 With gastrectomy1071588%0.0010.0015.73 (2.07-16.01)
 Without gastrectomy211460%
Reason for surgery
 Malignant disease1142383%0.134
 Benign disease14670%
ERCP indication
 Malignant disease27681%0.592
 Benign disease1012381%
BMI
 <18.549788%0.110
 ≥18.5792279%
ASA score
 ≤2911983%0.351
 ≥3371079%
Peritoneal dissemination
 Present9660%0.0350.0214.71 (1.27-17.54)
 Absent1192384%
Postoperative ileus
 Present7188%0.546
 Absent1212881%
Splenectomy
 Present23777%0.299
 Absent1052283%
Number of abdominal operations
 1 time921983%0.320
 ≥2 times361078%
Surgical records
 Available851387%0.0270.245
 Not available431673%
Endoscopists
 Trainer551579%0.257
 Trainee731484%
Passive bending section
 Equipped1062183%0.153
 Not equipped22873%

ASA: American Society of Anesthesiologists; BMI: body mass index; CI: confidence interval; ERCP: endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; SD: standard deviation.

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